Evaluation of the Overweight/Obese Child – Practical Tips for the Primary Health Care Provider: Recommendations from the Childhood Obesity Task Force of the European Association for the Study of ObesityBaker J.L.a · Farpour-Lambert N.J.b · Nowicka P.c · Pietrobelli A.d · Weiss R.e
a Institute of Preventive Medicine, Centre for Health and Society, Copenhagen, Denmark b Obesity Care Program, Pediatric Cardiology Unit, Department of Child and Adolescent, University Hospital of Geneva, Switzerland c Childhood Obesity Unit, University Hospital, Malmö, Sweden d Pediatric Unit, Verona University Medical School, Italy e Department of Human Metabolism and Nutrition, Hebrew University School of Medicine, Jerusalem, Israel Corresponding Author
Ram Weiss MD PhD, Department of Human Metabolism and Nutrition, Hebrew University School of Medicine, Jerusalem, Israel, firstname.lastname@example.org
The prevalence of obesity among children and adolescents is on the rise. The majority of overweight or obese children are treated by primary health care providers including paediatricians, family practitioners, dieticians, nurses, and school health services – and not by specialists. The majority of obese children have no underlying medical disorder causing their obesity yet a significant proportion might suffer from obesity-related co-morbidities. This text is aimed at providing simple and practical tools for the identification and management of children with or at risk of overweight and obesity in the primary care setting. The tips and tools provided are based on data from the recent body of work that has been published in this field, official statements of several scientific societies along with expert opinion provided by the members of the Childhood Obesity Task Force (COTF) of the European Association for the Study of Obesity (EASO). We have attempted to use an evidence-based approach while allowing flexibility for the practicing clinician in domains where evidence is currently lacking and ensuring that treating the obese child involves the entire family as well.
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