Electric-Acoustic Stimulation of the Auditory System: A Review of the First Decadevon Ilberg C.A. · Baumann U. · Kiefer J. · Tillein J. · Adunka O.F.
aKronberg, bENT Department and cPhysiology and Audiology Acoustics Department, Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, Frankfurt am Main, and dHNO Zentrum Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany; eOtology, Neurotology and Skull Base Surgery, Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, N.C., USA
Electric-acoustic stimulation (EAS) was developed for individuals with a profound hearing loss in the high frequencies and a substantial residual low-frequency hearing (LFH). For this group of candidates, conventional hearing aids often neither provided sufficient amplification nor were they considered suitable for cochlear implantation due to the possible destruction of residual hearing capabilities. With EAS, combining electric stimulation with an ipsilateral acoustic stimulation, preservation of residual LFH and the development of a new speech processor uniting both strategies became essential. Over the last years, EAS has developed further and advanced in electrode design and surgery techniques. This paper summarizes the history of EAS and acknowledges the tremendous work of the many research groups who contributed to the success of EAS.
Christoph A. von Ilberg
DE–61476 Kronberg (Germany)
Received: August 25, 2010
Accepted after revision: February 21, 2011
Published online: May 24, 2011
Number of Print Pages : 30
Number of Figures : 8, Number of Tables : 2, Number of References : 201
Audiology and Neurotology (The Science of Hearing and Balance)
Vol. 16, No. Suppl. 2, Year 2011 (Cover Date: May 2011)
Journal Editor: Harris J.P. (San Diego, Calif.)
ISSN: 1420-3030 (Print), eISSN: 1421-9700 (Online)
For additional information: http://www.karger.com/AUD