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Toll-Like Receptor 1/2 Stimulation Induces Elevated Interleukin-8 Secretion in Polymorphonuclear Leukocytes Isolated from Preterm and Term Newborn InfantsThornton N.L. · Cody M.J. · Yost C.C.
Department of Pediatrics and Program in Human Molecular Biology and Genetics, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA Corresponding Author
Christian Con Yost, MD
Department of Pediatrics/Neonatology, University of Utah
Williams Building, 295 Chipeta Way
Salt Lake City, UT 84108 (USA)
Tel. +1 801 581 7052, E-Mail email@example.com
Background: Neonatal neutrophil dysfunction contributes to inflammatory tissue damage in newborn infants. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) activate the innate immune response through recognition of pathogen-associated molecular patterns. Expression and function of TLRs by neonatal neutrophils has not well been characterized. Objective: We hypothesized that, compared to polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) isolated from adults, neonatal PMNs isolated from either term or preterm infants express and release different levels of inflammatory cytokines and chemokines in response to stimulation with TLR1–9 agonists. Methods: We stimulated PMNs isolated from preterm (n = 12) and term (n = 10) infants as well as adults (n = 10) with agonists recognized by TLRs1–9 and quantified chemokine and cytokine expression and secretion by ELISA and Luminex® multiplex quantification assay. Results: Neonatal and adult PMNs stimulated with agonists recognized by TLRs1–9 differentially secrete inflammatory products. Signaling via TLR2 heterodimers is a potent mechanism for release of interleukin-8, a critical proinflammatory chemokine, by neonatal PMNs – a previously unrecognized facet of neonatal inflammation. Following TLR1/2 (PAM3CSK4) stimulation, interleukin-8 secretion by neonatal PMNs, whether term or preterm, substantially exceeds that of adult PMNs assayed in parallel. Conclusions: These studies provide new insights relevant to the inflammatory biology of neonates, both term and preterm, and implicate exaggerated PMN recruitment in neonatal syndromes of dysregulated inflammation such as necrotizing enterocolitis or neonatal chronic lung disease.
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