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Jejunal Diverticular Perforation due to EnterolithNonose R.a · Valenciano J.S.a · Souza Lima J.S.a · Nascimento E.F.a · Silva C.M.C.b · Martinez C.A.R.a
aDepartment of General Surgery, São Francisco University Hospital, and bSão Francisco University, Bragança Paulista, Brazil Corresponding Author
Carlos Augusto Real Martinez
Rua Rui Barbosa, 255/32, Vila Boa Vista
CEP 09190-370, Santo André, SP (Brasil)
Tel. +55 11 4438 9203, E-Mail firstname.lastname@example.org
Jejunal diverticulosis is a rare entity with variable clinical and anatomical presentations. Although there is no consensus on the management of asymptomatic jejunal diverticular disease, some complications are potentially life-threatening and require early surgical treatment. Small bowel perforation secondary to jejunal diverticulitis by enteroliths is rare. The aim of this study was to report a case of small intestinal perforation caused by a large jejunal enterolith. An 86-year-old woman was admitted with signs of diffuse peritonitis. After initial fluid recovery the patient underwent emergency laparotomy. The surgery showed that she had small bowel diverticular disease, mainly localized in the proximal jejunum. The peritonitis was due to intestinal perforation caused by an enterolith 12 cm in length, localized inside one of these diverticula. The intestinal segment containing the perforated diverticulum with the enterolith was removed and an end-to-end anastomosis was done to reconstruct the intestinal transit. The patient recovered well and was discharged from hospital on the 5th postoperative day. There were no signs of abdominal pain 1 year after the surgical procedure. Although jejunal diverticular disease with its complications, such as formation of enteroliths, is difficult to suspect in patients with peritonitis, it should be considered as a possible source of abdominal infection in the elderly patient when more common diagnoses have been excluded.
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