Low Morbidity and Mortality after Stenting for Malignant Bowel ObstructionDriest J.J. · Zwaving H.H. · Ledeboer M. · Eeftinck Schattenkerk M. · Kuipers E.J. · ter Borg F.
Departments of aGastroenterology and Hepatology and bGastrointestinal Surgery, Deventer Hospital, Deventer, and cDepartment of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Background: The difference in mortality between emergency and elective surgery for malignant colonic obstruction is more than 5% in healthy patients below the age of 65 and increases with age to around 20%. Emergency surgery can be avoided by endoscopic placement of a self-expandable metal stent (SEMS). Aim: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of SEMS as ‘bridge to surgery’. Method: Between January 2001 and July 2008, SEMS were placed for acute malignant colonic obstruction in 45 patients (median age 72 years, range 35–91). Results: The procedure was technically successful in 43 patients (94%) with resolution of obstructive symptoms within 48 h in 87% of the patients. No perforations occurred during the procedure or while awaiting surgery. Two (4%) patients required a second endoscopic procedure. All patients underwent a single-stage surgical procedure. Postoperative mortality was 2.2% (n = 1). Histology showed advanced colorectal cancer (T3–4N1–2M0–1) in 75% of the patients. Conclusion: SEMS placement is a safe and effective procedure as bridge to surgery in patients presenting with colonic obstruction due to colorectal malignancy. This procedure carries a risk of serious complications well below that of the reported difference in mortality between emergency an elective surgery.
J.J. Driest, MD
Erasmus Medical Center
PO Box 2040
NL–3000 CA Rotterdam (The Netherlands)
Received: December 23, 2010
Accepted after revision: July 28, 2011
Published online: November 30, 2011
Number of Print Pages : 5
Number of Figures : 2, Number of Tables : 3, Number of References : 15
Vol. 28, No. 5-6, Year 2011 (Cover Date: January 2012)
Journal Editor: Tilanus H.W. (Rotterdam), Wijnhoven B.P.L. (Rotterdam), Gouma D.J. (Amsterdam), van Lanschot J.J.B. (Rotterdam)
ISSN: 0253-4886 (Print), eISSN: 1421-9883 (Online)
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