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Vol. 6, No. 1-3, 2012
Issue release date: February 2012
Section title: Paper
Sex Dev 2012;6:117-127
(DOI:10.1159/000332212)

Cytogenetic and Molecular Characterization of Y Isochromosome in a 63XO/64Xi(Yq) Mosaic Karyotype of an Intersex Horse

Das P.J. · Lyle S.K. · Beehan D. · Chowdhary B.P. · Raudsepp T.
aDepartment of Veterinary Integrative Biosciences, College of Veterinary Medicine & Biomedical Sciences, Texas A&M University, College Station, Tex., and bDepartment of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, La., USA

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Paper

Published online: 10/14/2011

Number of Print Pages: 11
Number of Figures: 5
Number of Tables: 3

ISSN: 1661-5425 (Print)
eISSN: 1661-5433 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/SXD

Abstract

Sex chromosome aberrations commonly lead to abnormal sexual development. Here we cytogenetically and molecularly characterized Y isochromosome in an intersex horse. Blood lymphocyte analysis showed a mosaic karyotype with 96% 63,XO and 4% 64,Xi(Y) cells. Molecular analysis of the isochromosome was carried out by fluorescence in situ hybridization and polymerase chain reaction with male-specific and pseudoautosomal markers from the horse Y chromosome. We found that the isochromosome was monocentric, composed of 2 long arms, carrying 2 sets of genes of the pseudoautosomal region (PAR) and the male-specific region of the Y (MSY), including the SRY - thus being genetically equivalent to Y disomy. Sequence analysis of a 1,955-bp region including the SRY exon, the promoter and the UTRs, revealed no mutations in the aberrant Y. The presence of an intact SRY in a small proportion of cells is the proposed cause for the intersex phenotype. Given that the i(Yq) was present in a mosaic form, both post-zygotic and meiotic mechanisms of its origin were proposed. We speculated that nonmosaic 64,Xi(Yq) karyotypes might be rare or absent because of the likely instability of the i(Yq) during cell division. Genetic and phenotypic implications of Y isochromosome formation in other mammals are discussed in the light of the diversity of Y chromosome organization between species.


  

Author Contacts

Terje Raudsepp
Molecular Cytogenetics Laboratory
Department of Veterinary Integrative Biosciences, Texas A&M University
Room 314B, Bldg. 1197, College Station, TX 77843 (USA)
Tel. +1 9798 622 879, E-Mail traudsepp@cvm.tamu.edu

  

Article Information

Published online: October 14, 2011
Number of Print Pages : 11
Number of Figures : 5, Number of Tables : 3, Number of References : 62
Additional supplementary material is available online - Number of Parts : 1

  

Publication Details

Sexual Development (Genetics, Molecular Biology, Evolut on, Endocrinology, Embryology, and Pathology of Sex Determination and Differentiation)

Vol. 6, No. 1-3, Year 2012 (Cover Date: February 2012)

Journal Editor: Schmid M. (Würzburg), Scherer G. (Freiburg), Schartl M. (Würzburg)
ISSN: 1661-5425 (Print), eISSN: 1661-5433 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/SXD


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Paper

Published online: 10/14/2011

Number of Print Pages: 11
Number of Figures: 5
Number of Tables: 3

ISSN: 1661-5425 (Print)
eISSN: 1661-5433 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/SXD


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