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Table of Contents
Vol. 38, No. 2, 2012
Issue release date: March 2012
Section title: Original Paper
Neuroepidemiology 2012;38:69–75
(DOI:10.1159/000335040)

Sex Differences in Stroke Incidence and Survival in Hong Kong, 2000–2007

Wu S.H.a · Ho S.C.a · Chau P.H.c · Goggins W.a · Sham A.a · Woo J.b, c
aSchool of Public Health and Primary Care and bDepartment of Medicine and Therapeutics, Chinese University of Hong Kong, and cFaculty of Social Sciences, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, SAR, PR China

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Received: January 12, 2011
Accepted: November 13, 2011
Published online: January 14, 2012
Issue release date: March 2012

Number of Print Pages: 7
Number of Figures: 1
Number of Tables: 5

ISSN: 0251-5350 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0208 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/NED

Abstract

Background: Few studies have examined the impact of sex across different age groups and over time on chronic diseases in Asia. The objective of this study was to explore the effect of sex across different age groups and over time on stroke incidence and 30-day case fatality in Hong Kong. Methods: Over 90% first hospitalizations for stroke in Hong Kong (from 2000 to 2007) were identified from the Clinical Management System of the Hospital Authority. Age-specific rate ratios (RRs; women to men) for incidence of first hospitalization and the 30-day case fatality were estimated based on Poisson regression models after adjustment for year of hospitalization. Results: Women below the age of 85 years had a lower incidence of first hospitalization than men, and the effect size varied with age [35–44 years: RR = 0.56, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.49–0.64; 45–54 years: 0.65, 0.53–0.79; 55–64 years: 0.58, 0.48–0.71; 65–74 years: 0.71, 0.58–0.85; 75–84 years: 0.83, 0.68–1.00)]. Women aged ≧85 years had a stroke incidence similar to men, but the adjusted 30-day case fatality was significantly higher than that of men aged ≧85 years (RR = 1.14, 95% CI = 1.05–1.23). Conclusions: Lower rates of incidence were observed in women than men aged 35–84 years in Hong Kong but short-term case fatality is greater in women aged ≧85 years.

© 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Received: January 12, 2011
Accepted: November 13, 2011
Published online: January 14, 2012
Issue release date: March 2012

Number of Print Pages: 7
Number of Figures: 1
Number of Tables: 5

ISSN: 0251-5350 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0208 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/NED


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