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Vol. 46, No. 3, 2012
Issue release date: June 2012
Section title: Original Paper
Caries Res 2012;46:221–227
(DOI:10.1159/000337389)

Family Income and Tooth Decay in US Children: Does the Association Change with Age?

Bernabé E.a · Delgado-Angulo E.K.b, d · Murasko J.E.e · Marcenes W.c
aUnit of Dental Public Health, King’s College London Dental Institute, bDepartment of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, and cInstitute of Dentistry, Barts and The London School, Queen Mary University of London, London, UK; dDepartamento Académico de Odontología Social, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Perú; eDepartment of Economics, University of Houston, Houston, Tex., USA

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Received: 6/3/2011 9:40:05 AM
Accepted: 2/10/2012 9:42:24 AM
Published online: 4/19/2012
Issue release date: June 2012

Number of Print Pages: 7
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 3

ISSN: 0008-6568 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-976X (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/CRE

Abstract

This study explored whether the association of family income with tooth decay changes with age among children in the United States. A second objective was to explore the role of access to dental health care services in explaining the interrelationships between family income, child age and tooth decay. Data from 7,491 2- to 15-year-old children who participated in the 1999–2004 National and Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were analyzed. The association of family income with the prevalence of tooth decay in primary, permanent and primary or permanent teeth was first estimated in logistic regression models with all children, and then, separately in four age groups that reflect the development of the dentition (2–5, 6–8, 9–11 and 12–15 years, respectively). Findings showed that the income gradient in tooth decay attenuated significantly in 9- to 11-year-olds only to re-emerge in 12- to 15-year-olds. The age profile of the income gradient in tooth decay was not accounted for by a diverse set of family and child characteristics. This is the first study providing some evidence for age variations in the income gradient in tooth decay among children in the United States.

© 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel


  

Author Contacts

Dr. Eduardo Bernabé
Unit of Dental Public Health, King’s College London Dental Institute
Denmark Hill Campus, Caldecot Road
London SE5 9RW (UK)
Tel. +44 20 3299 3022, E-Mail eduardo.bernabe@kcl.ac.uk

  

Article Information

Received: June 3, 2011
Accepted after revision: February 10, 2012
Published online: April 19, 2012
Number of Print Pages : 7
Number of Figures : 0, Number of Tables : 3, Number of References : 34

  

Publication Details

Caries Research

Vol. 46, No. 3, Year 2012 (Cover Date: June 2012)

Journal Editor: Beighton D. (London)
ISSN: 0008-6568 (Print), eISSN: 1421-976X (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/CRE


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Received: 6/3/2011 9:40:05 AM
Accepted: 2/10/2012 9:42:24 AM
Published online: 4/19/2012
Issue release date: June 2012

Number of Print Pages: 7
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 3

ISSN: 0008-6568 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-976X (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/CRE


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