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Vol. 56, No. 3, 2012
Issue release date: May–June
Section title: Gynecologic Cytopathology
Acta Cytologica 2012;56:251–258
(DOI:10.1159/000337444)

Population-Based Prevalence of Abnormal Cervical Cytology Findings and Local Risk Factors in Ibadan, Nigeria: Implications for Cervical Cancer Control Programs and Human Papilloma Virus Immunization

Thomas J.O.a · Ojemakinde K.O.a · Ajayi I.O.c · Omigbodun A.O.b · Fawole O.I.c · Oladepo O.d
Departments of aPathology, bObstetrics and Gynecology, and cEpidemiology, Medical Statistics and Environmental Health, and dHealth Education and Promotion, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Gynecologic Cytopathology

Received: 8/9/2011 11:19:57 AM
Accepted: 2/13/2012
Published online: 4/26/2012
Issue release date: May–June

Number of Print Pages: 8
Number of Figures: 2
Number of Tables: 3

ISSN: 0001-5547 (Print)
eISSN: 1938-2650 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/ACY

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the prevalence of abnormal cervical cytological findings and local risk factors in Ibadan, Nigeria. Study Design: All women aged ≥15 years in each household in Idikan, Ibadan, were invited to participate in a population-based study. Structured questionnaires were administered to all consenting women. Conventional cervical Papanicolaou smears obtained from sexually active women were classified using the 2001 Bethesda system. The diagnoses were correlated with sociodemographic data and risk factors. Results: Of 2,870 women aged ≥15 years estimated to live in Idikan, 1,204 sexually active women consented to pelvic examination and cervical smears. Results were available for 1,104 women (mean age: 39.8 years). Mean ages at menarche, first sexual intercourse and first pregnancy were 16.1, 20.3 and 20.7 years, respectively. Cytological results were categorized into atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance and atypical glandular cells 22 (1.99%); low-grade 43 (3.89%) and high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HSIL) 17 (1.54%); invasive cancer 2 (0.18%) and normal 593 (53.8%) and reactive changes 427 (38.7%). The prevalence of epithelial abnormalities is 7.6%. Significant host-related factors in those with HSIL and invasive cancer included older age (mean 56.2 years), high parity and gravidity, lack of formal education and being divorced (p < 0.05). Conclusions: This study provides prevalence data and local risk factors for abnormal cervical cytology in a Nigerian population, which will be useful for planning future cervical cancer control programs.

© 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel


  

Article Information

Received: August 9, 2011
Accepted after revision: February 13, 2012
Published online: April 26, 2012
Number of Print Pages : 8
Number of Figures : 2, Number of Tables : 3, Number of References : 35

  

Publication Details

Acta Cytologica (The Journal of Clinical Cytology and Cytopathology)

Vol. 56, No. 3, Year 2012 (Cover Date: May-June)

Journal Editor: Bibbo M. (Philadelphia, Pa.)
ISSN: 0001-5547 (Print), eISSN: 1938-2650 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/ACY


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Gynecologic Cytopathology

Received: 8/9/2011 11:19:57 AM
Accepted: 2/13/2012
Published online: 4/26/2012
Issue release date: May–June

Number of Print Pages: 8
Number of Figures: 2
Number of Tables: 3

ISSN: 0001-5547 (Print)
eISSN: 1938-2650 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/ACY


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