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Vol. 82, No. 1, 2013
Issue release date: November 2012
Section title: Regular Article
Psychother Psychosom 2013;82:53–60
(DOI:10.1159/000339370)

Mood and the Menstrual Cycle

Romans S.E. · Kreindler D. · Asllani E. · Einstein G. · Laredo S. · Levitt A. · Morgan K. · Petrovic M. · Toner B. · Stewart D.E.
aDepartment of Psychological Medicine, University of Otago, Wellington, New Zealand; Departments of bPsychiatry, cPsychology, dMedicine and ePhilosophy and Women’s and Gender Studies, University of Toronto, fCentre for Mobile Computing in Mental Health, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, gInstitute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, and hHospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ont., Canada

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Regular Article

Received: 11/28/2011 1:58:53 PM
Accepted: 6/22/2012
Published online: 11/6/2012
Issue release date: November 2012

Number of Print Pages: 8
Number of Figures: 1
Number of Tables: 1

ISSN: 0033-3190 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0348 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/PPS

Abstract

Background: Premenstrual mood symptoms are considered common in women, but such prevailing attitudes are shaped by social expectations about gender, emotionality and hormonal influences. There are few prospective, community studies of women reporting mood data from all phases of the menstrual cycle (MC). We aimed (i) to analyze daily mood data over 6 months for MC phase cyclicity and (ii) to compare MC phase influences on a woman’s daily mood with that attributable to key alternate explanatory variables (physical health, perceived stress and social support). Method: A random sample of Canadian women aged 18–40 years collected mood and health data daily over 6 months, using telemetry, producing 395 complete MCs for analysis. Results: Only half the individual mood items showed any MC phase association; these links were either with the menses phase alone or the menses plus the premenstrual phase. With one exception, the association was not solely premenstrual. The menses-follicular-luteal MC division gave similar results. Less than 0.5% of the women’s individual periodogram records for each mood item showed MC entrainment. Physical health, perceived stress and social support were much stronger predictors of mood (p < 0.0001 in each case) than MC phase. Conclusions: The results of this study do not support the widespread idea of specific premenstrual dysphoria in women. Daily physical health status, perceived stress and social support explain daily mood better than MC phase.


  

Author Contacts

Prof. Sarah Romans
Department of Psychological Medicine, University of Otago
Wellington Clinical School of Medicine and Health Sciences
PO Box 7343, Wellington 6242 (New Zealand)
Tel. +64 4 385 5541, ext. 5653, E-Mail sarah.romans@otago.ac.nz

  

Article Information

Received: November 28, 2011
Accepted after revision: June 22, 2012
Published online: November 6, 2012
Number of Print Pages : 8
Number of Figures : 1, Number of Tables : 1, Number of References : 47
Additional supplementary material is available online - Number of Parts : 1

  

Publication Details

Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics

Vol. 82, No. 1, Year 2013 (Cover Date: November 2012)

Journal Editor: Fava G.A. (Bologna)
ISSN: 0033-3190 (Print), eISSN: 1423-0348 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/PPS


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Regular Article

Received: 11/28/2011 1:58:53 PM
Accepted: 6/22/2012
Published online: 11/6/2012
Issue release date: November 2012

Number of Print Pages: 8
Number of Figures: 1
Number of Tables: 1

ISSN: 0033-3190 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0348 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/PPS


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