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Vol. 83, No. 3-6, 2012
Issue release date: January 2013
Section title: Paper
Folia Primatol 2012;83:353–360
(DOI:10.1159/000339644)

Unusually High Predation on Chacma Baboons (Papio ursinus) by Female Leopards (Panthera pardus) in the Waterberg Mountains, South Africa

Jooste E.a · Pitman R.T.b · van Hoven W.a · Swanepoel L.H.a
aCentre for Wildlife Management, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa; bMarine Biology and Ecology Research Centre, Plymouth University, Plymouth, UK

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Paper

Published online: 1/28/2013
Issue release date: January 2013

Number of Print Pages: 8
Number of Figures: 2
Number of Tables: 2

ISSN: 0015-5713 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9980 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/FPR

Abstract

Leopards do not preferentially favour baboons as prey, but they are considered the primary predators of baboons across Africa. Even in areas where baboons are abundant, their contribution to leopard diet seldom exceeds 5% of biomass. It is suggested that the extreme aggressiveness of baboons, group vigilance and their high mobility when escaping may limit leopard predation. Male baboons are particularly aggressive, and retaliation often leads to the death of the leopard. However, evidence suggests that leopards may learn to catch and kill certain dangerous prey. This study reports predation on chacma baboons by 3 female leopards on a private game reserve in the Waterberg Mountains of South Africa. Potential leopard feeding sites were identified using global positioning system (GPS) location clusters obtained from GPS collars. Over a 5-month period, we investigated 200 potential leopard feeding sites and located 96 leopard feeding/kill sites. Baboons constituted 18.7% of the leopards’ biomass intake. The majority of baboons preyed upon were adults and 70% of the kills were diurnal. In terms of the measured variables, there were no significant differences in the way the leopards preyed upon baboons, compared to the rest of the prey species.

© 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel


  

Author Contacts

Esmarie Jooste
Centre for Wildlife Management
University of Pretoria
Pretoria (South Africa)
E-Mail esmarie.jooste@gmail.com

  

Article Information

Published online: January 28, 2013
Number of Print Pages : 8
Number of Figures : 2, Number of Tables : 2, Number of References : 31

  

Publication Details

Folia Primatologica (International Journal of Primatology · Internationale Zeitschrift für Primatologie · Journal international de Primatologie)

Vol. 83, No. 3-6, Year 2012 (Cover Date: January 2013)

Journal Editor: Crompton R.H. (Liverpool)
ISSN: 0015-5713 (Print), eISSN: 1421-9980 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/FPR


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Paper

Published online: 1/28/2013
Issue release date: January 2013

Number of Print Pages: 8
Number of Figures: 2
Number of Tables: 2

ISSN: 0015-5713 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9980 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/FPR


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