The Evolutionary History and Palaeo-Ecology of Primate Predation: Macaca sylvanus from Plio-Pleistocene Europe as a Case StudyMeloro C. · Elton S.
Centre for Anatomical and Human Sciences, Hull York Medical School, University of Hull, Hull, UK
In this article we briefly review primate interactions with predators throughout their evolutionary history. Like today, predators of past primates were taxonomically diverse, including crocodilians, aquatic mammals, hyaenids, raptors and other primates. There is strong evidence for felid predation of extinct primates, with most work undertaken on the African Plio-Pleistocene fossil record. Felid predation of Plio-Pleistocene primates from other areas, including Europe, is much less well understood, so we explored co-occurrence and potential interaction between carnivorans (with particular reference to felids) and Macaca sylvanus, which was widespread and present in Europe from the late Miocene to the late Pleistocene. Over its tenure in the fossil record, M. sylvanus co-occurred with a diverse array of carnivorans, including canids and hyaenids, but medium-sized felids probably posed the most significant predation risk. It is likely, however, that human predation was a major factor contributing to macaque extinction in Europe.
© 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel
Department of Anthropology, Durham University
Queen’s Campus, University Boulevard, Thornaby
Stockton-on-Tees TS17 6BH (UK)
Published online: January 28, 2013
Number of Print Pages : 20
Number of Figures : 4, Number of Tables : 2, Number of References : 98
Folia Primatologica (International Journal of Primatology · Internationale Zeitschrift für Primatologie · Journal international de Primatologie)
Vol. 83, No. 3-6, Year 2012 (Cover Date: January 2013)
Journal Editor: Crompton R.H. (Liverpool)
ISSN: 0015-5713 (Print), eISSN: 1421-9980 (Online)
For additional information: http://www.karger.com/FPR