To review current data available on use of prostate specific antigen for screening healthy men for prostate cancer. Methods:
Literature was reviewed and the guidelines from, American cancer Society, American Urologic Association was reviewed. Results:
Current screening protocols lead to over diagnosis of prostate cancer. This often results in unnecessary biopsy procedures and treatments. Conclusion:
We must consider the benefit of screening and treatment with the harms of over diagnosis and over treatment. Newer imaging modalities like magnetic resonance imaging have to be evaluated further.
Department of Urology
Stanford University School of Medicine
875 Blake Wilbur Drive
Stanford, CA (USA)
Received: November 6, 2012
Accepted: December 4, 2012
Published online: February 8, 2013
Number of Print Pages : 4
Current Urology (International Journal of Shandong University)
Vol. 6, No. 4, Year 2012 (Cover Date: February 2013)
Journal Editor: Zhao S. (Jinan), Ekman P. (Stockholm)
ISSN: 1661-7649 (Print), eISSN: 1661-7657 (Online)
For additional information: http://www.karger.com/CUR
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