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Efficacy and Safety of Clinical Use of Etanercept for the Treatment of Moderate-to-Severe Psoriasis in Spain: Results of a Multicentric Prospective Study at 12 Months Follow-UpPuig L.a · Camacho Martínez F.M.b · Gimeno Carpio E.c · López-Ávila A.d · García-Calvo C.e
Dermatology Departments,aHospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau, Barcelona, bHospital Virgen Macarena, Seville, cHospital Arnau de Vilanova, Valencia, and dHospital Santa Maria del Rosell, Murcia, and eMedical Department, Pfizer, Madrid, Spain
Background: The efficacy of etanercept in the treatment of psoriasis has been demonstrated in several clinical trials, but information regarding results derived from prospective observational studies in clinical practice is scarce. Objectives: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of etanercept administration according to routine clinical use in moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis. Materials and Methods: Postauthorization, prospective study, carried out at 59 dermatology units in Spain. Patients diagnosed with moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis received etanercept during a 12-month period. Results: Altogether, 444 patients were enrolled. Overall, 325 patients (73.2%) initiated etanercept treatment at a dose of 50 mg twice weekly; 96 patients (21.6%) received etanercept as a continuous regimen for the entire study period, and 348 patients (79.4%) an intermittent regimen. Among these, 185 patients (41.6% overall) received one course of treatment, stopped at various study points and did not restart etanercept treatment, whereas the remaining 163 patients (36.7% overall) stopped etanercept treatment, lost response, relapsed and were retreated. Most patients who interrupted etanercept treatment did so at month 6. Altogether, 79.7% of patients completed the study period. Etanercept treatment resulted in significant improvement in disease activity. A Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) 75 response was achieved by 76.1% of patients at month 6. Out of 252 adverse events reported, 31 were considered severe. Three possibly treatment-related malignancies were detected during the study. No opportunistic infections, tuberculosis or demyelinating events were reported. Conclusion: The PASI 75 response rate at month 6 in this observational, naturalistic study is similar to those observed in recent published trials with etanercept, and within the range of those reported for other marketed biologicals.
© 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel