Original Research Article
Neuroimaging and Biochemical Markers in the Three Variants of Primary Progressive AphasiaGil-Navarro S.a · Lladó A.a, d · Rami L.a · Castellví M.a · Bosch B.a · Bargalló N.b, d · Lomeña F.c · Reñé R.e · Montagut N.a · Antonell A.a, d · Molinuevo J.L.a, d · Sánchez-Valle R.a, d
aAlzheimer’s Disease and Other Cognitive Disorders Unit, Department of Neurology, and Departments of bRadiology and cNuclear Medicine, Hospital Clínic, and dInstitut d’Investigació Biomédica August Pi I Sunyer (IDIBAPS), Barcelona, and eDepartment of Neurology, Hospital Universitario de Bellvitge, L’Hospitalet de Llobregat, Spain
Keywords: Positron emission tomographyMagnetic resonance imagingPrimary progressive aphasiaFrontotemporal dementiaAlzheimer’s diseaseBiological markersGRN proteinSingle photon emission computed tomography
Do you have an account?
- Rent for 48h to view
- Buy Cloud Access for unlimited viewing via different devices
- Synchronizing in the ReadCube Cloud
- Printing and saving restrictions apply
Rental: USD 8.50
Cloud: USD 20.00
Background/Aim: To investigate in variants of primary progressive aphasia (PPA) the association between current clinical and neuroimaging criteria and biochemical/genetic markers at the individual level. Methods: Thirty-two PPA patients were classified as non-fluent/agrammatic (nfvPPA), semantic (svPPA), or logopenic variant (lvPPA) or as unclassifiable (uPPA). In all patients, we evaluated the neuroimaging criteria (magnetic resonance imaging and/or single photon emission computed tomography/positron emission tomography) of each variant and studied serum progranulin levels, APOE genotype and Alzheimer’s disease (AD)-cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers. Cases with a first-degree family history of early-onset dementia were genetically tested. Results: Ten of 15 (66%) nfvPPA, 5/5 (100%) svPPA and 7/7 (100%) lvPPA patients showed at least one positive neuroimaging-supported diagnostic criterion. All lvPPA and 3/5 (60%) uPPA patients presented AD-CSF biomarkers, which were absent in nfvPPA and svPPA cases. Four (27%) nfvPPA patients had dementia-causing mutations: 2 carried a GRN mutation and 2 the C9ORF72 hexanucleotide expansion. Conclusions: There was an excellent association between clinical criteria and neuroimaging-supported biomarkers in svPPA and lvPPA, as well as with AD-CSF biochemical markers in the lvPPA. Neuroimaging, biochemical and genetic findings in nfvPPA were heterogeneous. Incorporating biochemical/genetic markers into the PPA clinical diagnosis would allow clinicians to improve their predictions of PPA neuropathology, especially in nfvPPA and uPPA cases.
© 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel
Article / Publication Details
Copyright / Drug Dosage / DisclaimerCopyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.