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Original Paper

Multiple Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drug-Induced Cutaneous Disease: What Differentiates Patients with and without Underlying Chronic Spontaneous Urticaria?

Asero R.

Author affiliations

Ambulatorio di Allergologia, Clinica San Carlo, Paderno Dugnano, Italy

Related Articles for ""

Int Arch Allergy Immunol 2014;163:114-118

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Received: July 24, 2013
Accepted: October 21, 2013
Published online: December 03, 2013
Issue release date: February 2014

Number of Print Pages: 5
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 2

ISSN: 1018-2438 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0097 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/IAA

Abstract

Background: Multiple nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) cutaneous reactors may be otherwise normal or have underlying chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU). This study compared these two phenotypes of NSAID-hypersensitive subjects. Methods: A total of 97 multiple NSAID reactors underwent oral challenges with paracetamol, etoricoxib and tramadol. Atopic status was investigated in all patients, and autoreactivity was ascertained in some cases as well. Otherwise normal multiple NSAID reactors were reevaluated after 1-5 years in order to detect their proneness to CSU. Results: At the first visit, 41 patients had CSU and 56 had multiple NSAID intolerance without any underlying cutaneous disease. Altogether, 22, 10 and 6% of patients did not tolerate paracetamol, etoricoxib and tramadol, respectively, on oral challenge. Intolerance to these alternative drugs showed a strong association (p < 0.01 with all combinations). The two subgroups of patients did not show any difference in terms of mean age, gender distribution, prevalence of atopic diseases, prevalence of single offending NSAIDs and prevalence of intolerance to paracetamol, etoricoxib or tramadol on oral challenge. In all, 20% of multiple NSAID reactors without CSU at presentation developed CSU between 6 months and 5 years after the initial clinical evaluation. Conclusions: Multiple NSAID cutaneous reactors with or without CSU seem identical from a clinical point of view, and some of the latter group show a propensity to acquire the former phenotype over time. A subset of patients apparently identical to the general population of multiple NSAID reactors also react to drugs exerting little or no cyclooxygenase-1 enzyme inhibition and might represent a distinct phenotype of NSAID-hypersensitive patients possibly characterized by a different underlying pathogenesis.

© 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Received: July 24, 2013
Accepted: October 21, 2013
Published online: December 03, 2013
Issue release date: February 2014

Number of Print Pages: 5
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 2

ISSN: 1018-2438 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0097 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/IAA


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Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
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