Login to MyKarger

New to MyKarger? Click here to sign up.



Login with Facebook

Forgot your password?

Authors, Editors, Reviewers

For Manuscript Submission, Check or Review Login please go to Submission Websites List.

Submission Websites List

Institutional Login
(Shibboleth or Open Athens)

For the academic login, please select your country in the dropdown list. You will be redirected to verify your credentials.

Paroxysmal Nocturnal Haemoglobinuria: A Replacement of Haematopoietic Tissue?

Schrezenmeier H.a · Hildebrand A.b · Rojewski M.a · Häcker H.b · Heimpel H.b · Raghavachar A.b

Author affiliations

aFree University of Berlin, University Hospital Benjamin Franklin, Medical Clinic III, Berlin, bUniversity of Ulm, Department of Medicine III, Ulm, Germany

Related Articles for ""

Acta Haematol 2000;103:41–48

Do you have an account?

Login Information





Contact Information










I have read the Karger Terms and Conditions and agree.



Login Information





Contact Information










I have read the Karger Terms and Conditions and agree.



To view the fulltext, please log in

To view the pdf, please log in

Buy

  • FullText & PDF
  • Unlimited re-access via MyKarger
  • Unrestricted printing, no saving restrictions for personal use
read more

CHF 38.00 *
EUR 35.00 *
USD 39.00 *

Select

KAB

Buy a Karger Article Bundle (KAB) and profit from a discount!

If you would like to redeem your KAB credit, please log in.


Save over 20% compared to the individual article price.
Learn more

Rent/Cloud

  • Rent for 48h to view
  • Buy Cloud Access for unlimited viewing via different devices
  • Synchronizing in the ReadCube Cloud
  • Printing and saving restrictions apply

Rental: USD 8.50
Cloud: USD 20.00


Select

Subscribe

  • Access to all articles of the subscribed year(s) guaranteed for 5 years
  • Unlimited re-access via Subscriber Login or MyKarger
  • Unrestricted printing, no saving restrictions for personal use
read more

Subcription rates


Select

* The final prices may differ from the prices shown due to specifics of VAT rules.

Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Paper

Published online: March 13, 2000
Issue release date: March 2000

Number of Print Pages: 8
Number of Figures: 4
Number of Tables: 0

ISSN: 0001-5792 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9662 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/AHA

Abstract

Acquired somatic mutations of the PIG-A gene lead to deficient expression of glycosyl-phosphatidyl-inositol-anchored proteins (GPI-AP) by haematopoietic cells and play a causative role in the pathogenesis of paroxysmal nocturnal haemoglobinuria (PNH). However, PIG-A mutations do not explain how the defective PNH clone can expand. It was hypothesized that a selection process conferring a relative advantage to the GPI-AP-deficient population is required. Since GPI-AP-deficient cells are also detectable in a substantial proportion of patients with otherwise typical aplastic anaemia (AA), the mechanisms inducing bone marrow failure might selectively spare the GPI-deficient cells. In order to examine the growth characteristics of GPI-AP-deficient cells in more detail, we performed repeated analyses of GPI-AP expression on peripheral blood cells in 41 patients with AA. We observed four patterns of the course of GPI-AP-deficient populations: (1) 13 patients showed normal expression of GPI-AP in the first analysis and in at least two follow-up studies at a median time of 709 days after the first analysis. (2) Secondary evolution of a GPI-AP-deficient population was a rare event. Only 4 patients with initially normal GPI-AP expression developed a GPI-AP-deficient population during follow up after immunosuppressive treatment. (3) Persistence of GPI-AP-deficient cells was observed in 16 patients during a median follow-up time of 774 days. However, in some patients, the size of the GPI-AP-deficient population increased substantially. (4) Disappearance of a GPI-AP-deficient population was observed in 8 patients. The time course of GPI-AP expression in relation to the treatment suggests that therapeutic interventions might modulate the ratio of normal versus GPI-AP-deficient haematopoiesis. Overall, these data argue against an ‘absolute growth advantage’ of GPI-AP-deficient cells. Our data are consistent with the hypothesis that haematopoietic failure caused by damage to normal haematopoiesis allows the outgrowth of a GPI-AP-deficient population. Thus, in at least some patients GPI-AP-deficient cells might pre-exist at a very low percentage and replace haematopoiesis after an insult to the normal cells.

© 2000 S. Karger AG, Basel


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Paper

Published online: March 13, 2000
Issue release date: March 2000

Number of Print Pages: 8
Number of Figures: 4
Number of Tables: 0

ISSN: 0001-5792 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9662 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/AHA


Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer

Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.