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Behavioural Science Section / The Berlin Aging Study II - An Overview

Associations between Neighborhood Characteristics, Well-Being and Health Vary over the Life Course

Eibich P.a, b · Krekel C.c · Demuth I.d, e · Wagner G.G.c,f,g

Author affiliations

aHealth Economics Research Centre, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK; bUniversity of Hamburg, Hamburg, cGerman Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin), dResearch Group on Geriatrics, and eInstitute of Medical and Human Genetics, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, fMax Planck Institute for Human Development, and gBerlin University of Technology, Berlin, Germany

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Behavioural Science Section / The Berlin Aging Study II - An Overview

Received: February 17, 2015
Accepted: July 14, 2015
Published online: January 29, 2016
Issue release date: April 2016

Number of Print Pages: 9
Number of Figures: 1
Number of Tables: 2

ISSN: 0304-324X (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0003 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/GER

Abstract

Background: Neighborhood characteristics are important determinants of individual health and well-being. For example, characteristics such as noise and pollution affect health directly, while other characteristics affect health and well-being by either providing resources (e.g. social capital in the neighborhood), which individuals can use to cope with health problems, or limiting the use thereof (e.g. crime). This also suggests that there might be age differentials in the impact of these characteristics, since individuals at different stages of life might need different resources. However, there is a lack of empirical evidence on age differentials in associations between well-being, health, and neighborhood characteristics. Objective: This paper studies associations between a wide range of neighborhood characteristics with the health and well-being of residents of the greater Berlin area. In particular, we focus on differences in the effects between younger (aged 20-35) and older (aged 60+) residents. Methods: We used data from the Berlin Aging Study II (312 younger and 993 older residents of the Berlin metropolitan area in Germany). We used survey data on health and well-being, combined these with subjective perceptions of the neighborhood, and geo-referenced indicators on the neighborhood, e.g. amenities (public transport, physicians, and hospitals). Results: The results show that access to public transportation is associated with better outcomes on all measures of health and well-being, and social support is associated with higher life satisfaction and better mental health. There are considerable differences between both age groups: while the associations between access to public transport and health and well-being are similar for both age groups, neighborhood social capital shows stronger associations for older residents. However, the difference is not always statistically significant. Conclusion: Having access to services is associated with better health and well-being regardless of age. Local policy makers should focus on lowering barriers to mobility in order to improve the health and well-being of the population. Since the social capital of a neighborhood is associated with better health and well-being among older residents, investments that increase social capital (e.g. community centers) might be warranted in neighborhoods with higher shares of older residents.

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Behavioural Science Section / The Berlin Aging Study II - An Overview

Received: February 17, 2015
Accepted: July 14, 2015
Published online: January 29, 2016
Issue release date: April 2016

Number of Print Pages: 9
Number of Figures: 1
Number of Tables: 2

ISSN: 0304-324X (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0003 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/GER


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Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
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