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War Neurology

Editor(s): Tatu L. (Besançon) 
Bogousslavsky J. (Montreux) 
Cover

Neurologists during Wars

Neurology and Neurologists during the Franco-Prussian War (1870-1871)

Walusinski O.

Author affiliations

Family Physician, Brou, France

Related Articles for ""

Tatu L, Bogousslavsky J (eds): War Neurology. Front Neurol Neurosci. Basel, Karger, 2016, vol 38, pp 77-92

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Neurologists during Wars

Published online: April 01, 2016
Cover Date: 2016

Number of Print Pages: 16
Number of Figures: 6
Number of Tables: 0

ISBN: 978-3-318-05605-1 (Print)
eISBN: 978-3-318-05606-8 (Online)

Abstract

The Franco-Prussian War (1870-1871) ended with the firm establishment of the French Republic and with German unity under Prussian leadership. After describing the events leading to the war, we explain how this conflict was the first involving the use of machine guns; soldiers were struck down by the thousands. Confronted with smallpox and typhus epidemics, military surgeons were quickly overwhelmed and gave priority to limb injuries, considering other wounds as inevitably fatal. Here, we present detailed descriptions of spinal and cranial injuries by Léon Legouest and of asepsis prior to trepanning by Ernst von Bergmann. Both the war and the Commune had disastrous effects on Paris. Jean-Martin Charcot continued to work intensely through the conflict, caring for numerous patients at La Salpêtrière Hospital according to his son Jean-Baptiste's account, which we've also excerpted below. As for young Dejerine, he treated the wounded from France who had taken refuge in Switzerland. Désiré-Magloire Bourneville also took heroic initiatives, as did Charles Lasègue, Alfred Vulpian, Alix Joffroy and Victor Cornil.

© 2016 S. Karger AG, Basel


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Neurologists during Wars

Published online: April 01, 2016
Cover Date: 2016

Number of Print Pages: 16
Number of Figures: 6
Number of Tables: 0

ISBN: 978-3-318-05605-1 (Print)
eISBN: 978-3-318-05606-8 (Online)


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Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
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