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Behavioural Science Section / Original Paper

Editor's Choice -- Free Access

Social Networks among the Older Chinese Population in the USA: Findings from the PINE Study

Dong X. · Chang E.-S.

Author affiliations

Chinese Health, Aging, and Policy Program, Rush Institute for Healthy Aging, Chicago, IL, USA

Corresponding Author

XinQi Dong, MD, MPH, Professor of Geriatric and Internal Medicine

Chinese Health, Aging, and Policy Program

Rush Institute for Healthy Aging, 1645 West Jackson, Suite 675

Chicago, IL 60612 (USA)

E-Mail xinqi_dong@rush.edu

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Gerontology 2017;63:238-252

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Abstract

Background: Social network research has become central to studies of health and aging. Its results may yield public health insights that are actionable and improve the quality of life of older adults. However, little is known about the social networks of older immigrant adults, whose social relationships often develop in the context of migration, compounded by cultural and linguistic barriers. Objectives: This report aims to describe the structure, composition, and emotional components of social networks in the Chinese aging population of the USA, and to explore ways in which their social networks may be critical to their health decision-making. Methods: Our data come from the PINE study, a population-based epidemiological study of community-dwelling older Chinese American adults, aged 60 years and above, in the greater Chicago area. We conducted individual interviews in participants' homes from 2011 until 2013. Based on sociodemographic and socioeconomic characteristics, this study computed descriptive statistics and trend tests for the social network measures adapted from the National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project study. Results: The findings show that older Chinese adults have a relatively small social network in comparison with their counterparts from other ethnic and racial backgrounds. Only 29.6% of the participants could name 5 close network members, and 2.2% could name 0 members. Their network composition was more heavily kin oriented (95.0%). Relationships with network members differed according to the older adults' sociodemographic and socioeconomic characteristics. Subgroup variations included the likelihood of discussing health-related issues with network members. Conclusion: This study highlights the dynamic nature of social networks in later-life Chinese immigrants. For healthcare practitioners, developing cost-effective strategies that can mobilize social network support remains a critical undertaking in health intervention. Longitudinal studies are needed to examine the causal impact of social networks on various domains of health.

© 2017 S. Karger AG, Basel


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Behavioural Science Section / Original Paper

Received: January 25, 2016
Accepted: December 12, 2016
Published online: January 19, 2017
Issue release date: April 2017

Number of Print Pages: 15
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 6

ISSN: 0304-324X (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0003 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/GER


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