Login to MyKarger

New to MyKarger? Click here to sign up.

Login with Facebook

Forgot Password? Reset your password

Authors, Editors, Reviewers

For Manuscript Submission, Check or Review Login please go to Submission Websites List.

Submission Websites List

Institutional Login (Shibboleth)

For the academic login, please select your country in the dropdown list. You will be redirected to verify your credentials.

Journal Mobile Options
Table of Contents
Vol. 58, No. 2, 2001
Issue release date: 2001
Section title: Original Paper
Brain Behav Evol 2001;58:101–114
(DOI:10.1159/000047264)

Physiology and Morphology of Intratelencephalically Projecting Corticostriatal-Type Neurons in Pigeons as Revealed by Intracellular Recording and Cell Filling

Reiner A.a · Stern E.A.b · Wilson C.J.c
aDepartment of Anatomy and Neurobiology, University of Tennessee, Memphis, Memphis, Tenn., bDepartment of Neurology, Massachusetts General Hospital East, Charlestown, Mass., cDivision of Life Science, University of Texas at San Antonio, San Antonio, Tex., USA

Do you have an account?

Login Information





Contact Information










I have read the Karger Terms and Conditions and agree.



Login Information





Contact Information










I have read the Karger Terms and Conditions and agree.



To view the fulltext, please log in

To view the pdf, please log in

Buy

  • FullText & PDF
  • Unlimited re-access via MyKarger
  • Unrestricted printing, no saving restrictions for personal use
read more

CHF 9.00 *
EUR 8.00 *
USD 9.00 *

Select

KAB

Buy a Karger Article Bundle (KAB) and profit from a discount!

If you would like to redeem your KAB credit, please log in.


Save over 20% compared to the individual article price.
Learn more

Rent/Cloud

  • Rent for 48h to view
  • Buy Cloud Access for unlimited viewing via different devices
  • Synchronizing in the ReadCube Cloud
  • Printing and saving restrictions apply

Rental: USD 8.50
Cloud: USD 20.00


Select

Subscribe

  • Access to all articles of the subscribed year(s) guaranteed for 5 years
  • Unlimited re-access via Subscriber Login or MyKarger
  • Unrestricted printing, no saving restrictions for personal use
read more

Subcription rates


Select

* The final prices may differ from the prices shown due to specifics of VAT rules.

Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Published online: January 18, 2002
Issue release date: 2001

Number of Print Pages: 14
Number of Figures: 7
Number of Tables: 0

ISSN: 0006-8977 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9743 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/BBE

Abstract

Much of the Wulst and dorsal ventricular ridge (DVR) in birds, which together make up the part of the avian telencephalon functionally resembling mammalian cerebral cortex, projects to the striatum. Those connections arise from neurons projecting additionally to the brainstem as well as from neurons projecting only within the telencephalon. As part of an effort to further characterize corticostriatal-type projection neurons in birds, we recorded intracellularly from neurons of the outer DVR, identified neurons projecting to the striatum by antidromic stimulation from the ipsilateral rostromedial striatum or subsequently by their axonal projection, characterized these neurons physiologically and then filled them with biocytin. As neurons in the outer DVR only project within telencephalon, neurons within it projecting to the striatum are of the intratelencephalically projecting (IT) type. Our studies suggest that: (1) the membrane potentials of avian IT-type neurons fluctuate between two preferred subthreshold values, and action potentials occur only in the ‘up’ state, (2) avian IT-type neurons show a time-dependent inward rectification in response to hyperpolarization and regular firing in response to constant current injection, (3) the conduction velocity of avian IT-type neurons is slow (about 0.2 m/s), (4) avian IT-type neurons possess radially disposed densely spiny dendrites but no apical dendrite, (5) avian IT-type neurons have local and distant collateral projections within the DVR, and (6) individual avian IT-type neurons give rise to an extensive terminal field within the striatum. Aside from the shape of their dendritic tree, IT-type neurons in birds closely resemble IT-type corticostriatal neurons in mammals in these various aspects, although it is presently uncertain whether this neuron type has been inherited in common by birds and mammals from stem amniotes.

© 2002 S. Karger AG, Basel


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Published online: January 18, 2002
Issue release date: 2001

Number of Print Pages: 14
Number of Figures: 7
Number of Tables: 0

ISSN: 0006-8977 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9743 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/BBE


Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer

Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.