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Table of Contents
Vol. 45, No. 2, 2002
Issue release date: March 2002
Section title: Pharmacopsychiatry. Main Editor: B. Saletu (Vienna) / Original Paper
Neuropsychobiology 2002;45:74–80
(DOI:10.1159/000048680)

Short-Term Cognitive Improvement in Schizophrenics Treated with Typical and Atypical Neuroleptics

Rollnik J.D.a · Borsutzky M.b · Huber T.J.b · Mogk H.b · Seifert J.b · Emrich H.M.b · Schneider U.b
Departments of aNeurology and Clinical Neurophysiology and bClinical Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Medical School of Hannover, Hannover, Germany

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Pharmacopsychiatry. Main Editor: B. Saletu (Vienna) / Original Paper

Published online: March 08, 2002
Issue release date: March 2002

Number of Print Pages: 7
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 5

ISSN: 0302-282X (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0224 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/NPS

Abstract

Objective: Atypical neuroleptics seem to be more beneficial than typical ones with respect to long-term neuropsychological functioning. Thus, most studies focus on the long-term effects of neuroleptics. We were interested in whether atypical neuroleptic treatment is also superior to typical drugs over relatively short periods of time. Methods: We studied 20 schizophrenic patients [10 males, mean age 35.5 years, mean Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS) score at entry 58.9] admitted to our hospital with acute psychotic exacerbation. Nine of them were treated with typical and 11 with atypical neuroleptics. In addition, 14 healthy drug-free subjects (6 males, mean age 31.2 years) were enrolled in the study and compared to the patients. As neuropsychological tools, a divided attention test, the Vienna reaction time test, the Benton visual retention test, digit span and a Multiple Choice Word Fluency Test (MWT-B) were used during the first week after admission, within the third week and before discharge (approximately 3 months). Results: Patients scored significantly worse than healthy controls on nearly all tests (except Vienna reaction time). Clinical ratings [BPRS and Positive and Negative Symptom Scale for Schizophrenia (PANSS)] improved markedly (p < 0.01), without a significant difference between typical and atypical medication. Clinical improvement (PANSS total score) correlated with less mistakes on the Benton test (r = 0.762, p = 0.017) and an improvement on the divided attention task (r = 0.705, p = 0.034). Neuropsychological functioning (explicit memory, p < 0.01; divided attention, p < 0.05) moderately improved for both groups under treatment but without a significant difference between atypical and typical antipsychotic drugs. Conclusions: Over short periods of time (3 months), neuropsychological disturbances in schizophrenia seem to be moderately responsive to both typical and atypical neuroleptics.

© 2002 S. Karger AG, Basel


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Pharmacopsychiatry. Main Editor: B. Saletu (Vienna) / Original Paper

Published online: March 08, 2002
Issue release date: March 2002

Number of Print Pages: 7
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 5

ISSN: 0302-282X (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0224 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/NPS


Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer

Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.