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Vol. 4, No. 3, 2001
Issue release date: April 2002
Section title: Original Paper
Community Genet 2001;4:134–142
(DOI:10.1159/000051173)

Population-Based Estimates of the Prevalence of Family History of Cancer among Women

Hall I.J. · Burke W. · Coughlin S. · Lee N.C.
aDivision of Cancer Prevention and Control, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Ga., and bDepartment of Medical History and Ethics, University of Washington, Seattle, Wash., USA

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Published online: 4/5/2002

Number of Print Pages: 9
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 4

ISSN: 1662-4246 (Print)
eISSN: 1662-8063 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/PHG

Abstract

Objective: Family history of cancer is recognized as one of the most important risk factors in predicting personal cancer risk. Nevertheless, there are few published population-based estimates of family history prevalence by age categories. Methods: We used responses of female controls (n = 4,754) from the population-based Cancer and Steroid Hormone study (1980–1982) to estimate the frequency of family history of various cancers among female relatives. We determined the age- and race-specific prevalence of family history of breast, ovarian, endometrial, and other cancers in first-degree female relatives of women aged 20–54 years. To evaluate changes in reporting family history over time, we also analyzed responses of control women (n = 1,544) from the Women’s Interview Study on Health (WISH) (1990–1992) to estimate the prevalence of family history of breast cancer. Results: The prevalence of a first-degree family history of breast, ovarian, endometrial, and cervical cancers was 6.4% (95% CI 5.7–7.1%), 1.1% (0.8–1.4%), 3.5% (3.0–4.0%), and 2.1% (1.7–2.5%), respectively. Among first-degree female relatives, the prevalence of family history of colon, lung, and thyroid cancers was 2.4% (2.1–2.9%), 1.5% (1.2–1.8%), and 0.5% (0.3–0.7%), respectively. The prevalence of family history of breast and colon cancers increased significantly with respondent’s age. Similar results for family history of breast cancer were obtained from an analysis of responses from the WISH. Conclusions: In addition to providing a point of reference for research and health policy, these results may be of interest to providers who care for female patients because of the usefulness of information about family history of cancer for assessing lifetime risk of cancer.


  

Author Contacts

Ingrid J. Hall, PhD, MPH, Division of Cancer Prevention and Control
National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Hwy, NE, MS K-55
Atlanta, GA 30341-3724 (USA)
Tel. +1 770 488 3035, Fax +1 770 488 4639, E-Mail iah9@cdc.gov

  

Article Information

Number of Print Pages : 9
Number of Figures : 0, Number of Tables : 4, Number of References : 61

  

Publication Details

Community Genetics

Vol. 4, No. 3, Year 2001 (Cover Date: Released April 2002)

Journal Editor: L.P. ten Kate, Amsterdam
ISSN: 1422–2795 (print), 1422–2833 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/journals/cmg


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Published online: 4/5/2002

Number of Print Pages: 9
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 4

ISSN: 1662-4246 (Print)
eISSN: 1662-8063 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/PHG


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