Compulsory Substance Abuse Treatment: An Overview of Recent Findings and IssuesWild T.C. · Roberts A.B. · Cooper E.L.
aCentre for Health Promotion Studies and Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Alberta, and bAddiction and Mental Health Research Laboratory, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada
An overview of research trends and issues in the area of compulsory substance abuse treatment is presented, using a sample of 170 English-language articles obtained from a search of 4 databases (Medline, PubMed, Embase, PsychINFO, supplemented by a manual search). About half (51%) of these articles were non-empirical (i.e. literature reviews, policy proposals, legal and ethical commentaries on compulsory treatment). A subsample of empirical studies published since 1988 (n = 71) was coded to summarize research trends in relation to 3 key issues: (1) how compulsory treatment was studied (country of origin; type of compulsory treatment; treatment population), (2) the evidence base for judging effectiveness of compulsory treatment (research design; sampling; type, timing and results of outcome measures), and (3) the relationship between compulsory treatment and coercion (measurement strategies). Directions for future research are discussed.
Cameron Wild, PhD
Addiction and Mental Health Research Laboratory
University of Alberta, 13–103 Clinical Sciences Building
Edmonton, Alta. T6G 2G3 (Canada)
Tel. +1 780 492 9414, Fax +1 780 492 9579, E-Mail email@example.com
Number of Print Pages : 10
Number of Figures : 1, Number of Tables : 2, Number of References : 91
European Addiction Research (Special Topic Section: Craving and Anticraving)
Vol. 8, No. 2, Year 2002 (Cover Date: April 2002)
Journal Editor: M. Krausz, Hamburg; A. Uchtenhagen, Zurich
ISSN: 1022–6877 (print), 1421–9891 (Online)
For additional information: http://www.karger.com/journals/ear