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Table of Contents
Vol. 47, No. 3, 2001
Issue release date: May – June
Section title: Clinical Section
Gerontology 2001;47:145–149
(DOI:10.1159/000052788)

Slip Resistance of Casual Footwear: Implications for Falls in Older Adults

Menz H.B.a · Lord S.T.a · McIntosh A.S.b
aPrince of Wales Medical Research Institute, and bSchool of Safety Science, University of New South Wales, Randwick, NSW, Australia

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Clinical Section

Published online: April 25, 2001
Issue release date: May – June

Number of Print Pages: 5
Number of Figures: 4
Number of Tables: 1

ISSN: 0304-324X (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0003 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/GER

Abstract

Background: A large proportion of falls in older people are caused by slipping. Previous occupational safety research suggests that inadequate footwear may contribute to slipping accidents; however, no studies have assessed the slip resistance of casual footwear. Objective: To evaluate the slip resistance of different types of casual footwear over a range of common household surfaces. Methods: The slip resistance of men’s Oxford shoes and women’s fashion shoes with different heel configurations was determined by measuring the dynamic coefficient of friction (DCoF) at heel contact (in both dry and wet conditions) on a bathroom tile, concrete, vinyl flooring and a terra cotta tile using a specially-designed piezoelectric force plate apparatus. Results: Analysis of variance revealed significant shoe, surface, and shoe-surface interaction effects. Men’s Oxford shoes exhibited higher average DCoF values than the women’s fashion shoes, however, none of the shoes could be considered safe on wet surfaces. Application of a textured sole material did not improve slip resistance of any of the shoes on wet surfaces. Conclusion: Heel geometry influences the slip resistance of casual footwear on common household surfaces. The suboptimal performance of all of the test shoes on wet surfaces suggests that a safety standard for casual footwear is required to assist in the development of safe footwear for older people.

© 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Clinical Section

Published online: April 25, 2001
Issue release date: May – June

Number of Print Pages: 5
Number of Figures: 4
Number of Tables: 1

ISSN: 0304-324X (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0003 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/GER


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Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
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