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Table of Contents
Vol. 43, No. 1, 2001
Issue release date: January 2001
Section title: Pharmacopsychiatry. Main Editor: B. Saletu (Vienna) / Original Paper
Neuropsychobiology 2001;43:23–28
(DOI:10.1159/000054861)

Maintenance Electroconvulsive Therapy in Affective and Schizoaffective Disorder

Swoboda E. · Conca A. · König P. · Waanders R. · Hansen M.
Department of Psychiatry I, Landeskrankenhaus Rankweil, Austria

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Pharmacopsychiatry. Main Editor: B. Saletu (Vienna)  /  Original Paper

Published online: January 08, 2001
Issue release date: January 2001

Number of Print Pages: 6
Number of Figures: 2
Number of Tables: 3

ISSN: 0302-282X (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0224 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/NPS

Abstract

Twenty-one patients (13 depressives and 8 schizoaffectives) who underwent maintenance electroconvulsive therapy (M-ECT) were compared with controls who received maintenance pharmacotherapy alone. Measures of effectiveness and safety of maintenance treatment were prospectively obtained during a 1-year follow-up. Survival analysis demonstrated a significantly better outcome defined by time to rehospitalization for all patients of the M-ECT group. Regarding the subgroups, depressives of the M-ECT group had markedly decreased rehospitalization rates cmpared to depressive controls. Furthermore, M-ECT in depressives resulted in a significant reduction in hospitalization rates and duration during follow-up. In schizoaffective patients, a significant difference in survival time was found in favor of the M-ECT group. In both groups, schizoaffectives had a markedly poorer outcome compared to depressive subjects. Our results indicate that in selected patients M-ECT, at least in combination with supporting medication, may be an efficient and safe alternative to pharmacological continuation or maintenance therapy alone.

© 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Pharmacopsychiatry. Main Editor: B. Saletu (Vienna)  /  Original Paper

Published online: January 08, 2001
Issue release date: January 2001

Number of Print Pages: 6
Number of Figures: 2
Number of Tables: 3

ISSN: 0302-282X (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0224 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/NPS


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Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
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