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Expression of MRE11 Complex (MRE11, RAD50, NBS1) and hRap1 and Its Relation with Telomere Regulation, Telomerase Activity in Human Gastric CarcinomasMatsutani N.a,b · Yokozaki H.a · Tahara E.c · Tahara H.c · Kuniyasu H.d · Kitadai Y.b · Haruma K.e · Chayama K.b · Tahara E.f · Yasui W.a
aFirst Department of Pathology, bFirst Department of Internal Medicine and cDepartment of Cellular and Molecular Biology, Hiroshima University School of Medicine, Minami-ku, Hiroshima, dDepartment of Oncological Pathology Cancer Center, Nara Medical University, Kashihara, Nara, eDivision of Gastroenterology, Second Department of Internal Medicine, Kawasaki Medical School, Kurashiki, Okayama, and fRadiation Effects Research Fundation, Minami-ku, Hiroshima, Japan
The MRE11 complex (MRE11, RAD50, NBS1) are required for the repair of DNA double-strand breaks and have another important function in regulating telomere length. The silent information regulator (Sir) proteins required for telomere position effect also bind telomeres. hRap1 protein is a human ortholog of yeast Rap1 which regulates telomere length by interacting with TRF2 and is recruited to telomeres by TRF2. We examined the expression of the MRE11 complex (MRE11, RAD50, NBS1), Sir2 and hRAP1 in 20 gastric carcinomas by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and then analyzed the relation between telomerase activity and other telomerase components such as human telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT), human telomerase RNA component (hTR), human telomerase-associated protein (TEP1), telomeric repeat binding factor 1 (TRF1), TRF2- and TRF1-interacting, ankyrin-related ADP-ribose polymerase (tankyrase) as well as TRF1-interacting nuclear protein 2 (TIN2). Of twenty gastric carcinomas examined, 13 (65%), 14 (70%), 16 (80%), 12 (60%) and 13 (65%) expressed MRE11, RAD50, NBS1, Sir2 and hRap1 at higher levels than corresponding nonneoplastic gastric mucosa, respectively. No obvious correlation was observed between MRE11 complex expression and telomerase activity or expression of TERT, hTR, TEP1, tankyrase and TIN2. Carcinomas with high TRF1 expression expressed significantly higher levels of MRE11 and RAD50 than those with low TRF1 expression (p < 0.05). On the other hand, carcinomas with high TRF2 expression expressed significantly higher levels of MRE11, NBS1 and hRap1 than those with low TRF2 expression (p < 0.05). These results suggest that gastric carcinomas with high TRF1 and TRF2 expression may need a large quantity of the MRE11 complex. Moreover, gastric carcinomas with high TRF1 expression may require a large quantity of hRap1.
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