For Manuscript Submission, Check or Review Login please go to Submission Websites List.
For the academic login, please select your country in the dropdown list. You will be redirected to verify your credentials.
Protective Effect of Dietary Supplementation with L-Arginine and L-Carnitine on Hypoxia/Reoxygenation-Induced Necrotizing Enterocolitis in Young MiceAkisu M.a · Ozmen D.b · Baka M.c · Habif S.b · Yalaz M.a · Arslanoglu S.a · Kultursay N.a · Bayindir O.b
Departments of aPediatrics, bClinical Biochemistry, and cHistology, Ege University Medical School, Izmir, Turkey
Oxygen-derived free radicals are important components of gastrointestinal injury in necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). In the present investigation, we examined the protective actions of L-arginine, a nitric oxide synthase substrate, and L-carnitine against hypoxia-reoxygenation (H/R) induced NEC in young mice. Young mice were divided into four groups: group 1 mice were subjected to H/R only; group 2 H/R mice were supplemented with L-arginine in the drinking water (2 g/l) for 7 days; group 3 H/R mice were given L-carnitine solution in water (50 mg/kg p.o.) for 7 days, and group 4 mice served as controls.Hypoxia was induced by placing the mice in a 100% CO2 chamber for 5 min. After hypoxia, the mice were reoxygenated for 10 min with 100% oxygen. We examined the intestinal lesions by light microscopy and measured the intestinal generation of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) and the activities of superoxide dismutase and catalase in the H/R-induced model of NEC. In both L-arginine and L-carnitine groups, the NEC-induced intestinal tissue damage was greatly attenuated, with necrosis limited partially to the mucosa. The tissue TBARS level was significantly higher in group 1 than in any of the other groups (p < 0.001). However, those treated with L-arginine and L-carnitine had TBARS levels similar to those in the control animals. An increased tissue concentration of nitrate, a stable metabolite of nitric oxide, was found in the L-arginine-supplemented group as compared with the control group (p < 0.05). Both superoxide dismutase and catalase activities in the intestine were similar in H/R groups when compared with the intestine of control animals. The present study suggests that oxygen-derived free radicals are involved in the pathogenesis of H/R-induced NEC. This study also shows that dietary supplementation with L-arginine and L-carnitine ameliorates the histological evidence of H/R-induced intestinal injury and significantly decreases lipid peroxidation in H/R-induced bowel injury. Based on these findings, the beneficial effects of L-arginine and L-carnitine in this model may be mediated via mechanisms preventing free radical damage.
© 2002 S. Karger AG, Basel