The Aromatase Cytochrome P-450 and Its Clinical ImpactMeinhardt U. · Mullis P.-E.
University Children’s Hospital, Inselspital, Bern, Switzerland
Do you have an account?
- Rent for 48h to view
- Buy Cloud Access for unlimited viewing via different devices
- Synchronizing in the ReadCube Cloud
- Printing and saving restrictions apply
Rental: USD 8.50
Cloud: USD 20.00
Cytochrome P-450 aromatase (P450arom), the key enzyme for estrogen biosynthesis, is encoded by a single gene, namely the CYP19 gene, localized on 15q21.2. The human CYP19 gene spans about 123 kb with a coding region of 9 exons (about 30 kb, exon II–exon X). Although there are a number of alternative first exons and nine different transcriptional start sides with individual promoters that permit tissue-specific regulation of expression, the protein expressed in these various tissue sites (placenta, adipose tissue, brain, bone, ovary, etc.) is the same regardless of the promoter used. P450arom catalyzes the conversion of testosterone to estradiol, of androstenedione to estrone, and of 16α-hydroxylated dehydroepiandrosterone to estriol. As not only androgens but also estrogens are of importance, particularly in the male pubertal development, including bone changes which were classically considered mostly androgen dependent, the features of the aromatase deficiency syndrome in affected boys and girls as well as adult males and females are discussed. There is growing awareness that androgens and estrogens have general metabolic roles that reach far beyond reproductive processes. For instance, estrogen has a significant impact on carbohydrate and lipid metabolism, vascular function, and arteriosclerosis. In addition, extragonadal estrogen biosynthesis plays an important but often underestimated physiological and pathophysiological role, for example in breast cancer and endometriosis. Based on that knowledge, progress has been made as far as treatment and follow-up of these disorders are concerned. In addition, there is a focus on the treatment of children suffering from a lack of P450arom activity.
© 2002 S. Karger AG, Basel
Article / Publication Details
Copyright / Drug Dosage / DisclaimerCopyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.