What examples of convergence in higher-level complex cognitive characteristics exist in the animal kingdom? In this paper I will provide evidence that convergent intelligence has occurred in two distantly related mammalian taxa. One of these is the order Cetacea (dolphins, whales and porpoises) and the other is our own order Primates, and in particular the suborder anthropoid primates (monkeys, apes, and humans). Despite a deep evolutionary divergence, adaptation to physically dissimilar environments, and very different neuroanatomical organization, some primates and cetaceans show striking convergence in social behavior, artificial ‘language’ comprehension, and self-recognition ability. Taken together, these findings have important implications for understanding the generality and specificity of those processes that underlie cognition in different species and the nature of the evolution of intelligence.
© 2002 S. Karger AG, Basel
Department of Psychology, Emory University
Atlanta, GA 30322 (USA)
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Number of Print Pages : 12
Number of Figures : 4, Number of Tables : 0, Number of References : 107
Brain, Behavior and Evolution
Founded 1968 and continued 1968–1986 by W. Riss, New York, N.Y.
Official Organ of the J.B. Johnston Club
Vol. 59, No. 1-2, Year 2002 (Cover Date: 2002)
Journal Editor: Walter Wilczynski, Austin, Tex.
ISSN: 0006–8977 (print), 1421–9743 (Online)
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Article / Publication Details
Published online: 6/19/2002
Issue release date: 2002
Number of Print Pages: 12
Number of Figures: 4
Number of Tables: 0
ISSN: 0006-8977 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9743 (Online)
For additional information: http://www.karger.com/BBE
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