This paper reviews the psychopathology, the nosology and classification principles of stress-related disorders, with focus on how they are characterized in ICD-10 and DSM-IV. The presence of a stressor and the reexperience of the event are the two criteria present in the three diagnostic systems: ICD-10 Research Diagnostic Criteria (RDC), ICD-10 Diagnostic Guidelines (DG), and DSM-IV. ICD-10 RDC and DSM-IV, being more strict, add two more criteria: avoidance and increased physiological arousal. ICD-10 RDC allows this to be substituted by ‘inability to recall’, while ICD-10 DG add a few more symptoms which are not necessary for the diagnosis but may be typical (numbness), common (anxiety and depression) or rare (acute bursts of fear or aggression). DSM-IV is the only system which mentions symptoms specific for children.
Prof. Juan J. López-Ibor
President, World Psychiatric Association
López-Ibor Clinic, Nueva Zelanda 44
E–28035 Madrid (Spain)
Tel. +34 91 373 91 19, Fax +34 91 316 27 49, E-Mail email@example.com
Number of Print Pages : 5
Number of Figures : 0, Number of Tables : 0, Number of References : 23
Psychopathology (International Journal of Descriptive Psychopathology Phenomenology and Clinical Diagnositcs)
Founded 1897 as ‘Monatsschrift für Psychiatrie und Neurologie’
Vol. 35, No. 2-3, Year 2002 (Cover Date: March-June 2002)
Journal Editor: E. Gabriel, Vienna; C. Mundt, Heidelberg
ISSN: 0254–4962 (print), 1423–033X (Online)
For additional information: http://www.karger.com/journals/psp
Article / Publication Details
Published online: 7/17/2002
Issue release date: March–June 2002
Number of Print Pages: 5
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 0
ISSN: 0254-4962 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-033X (Online)
For additional information: http://www.karger.com/PSP
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