Classification Systems for Psychiatric Diseases Currently Used in JapanNakane Y. · Nakane H.
Division of Neuropsychiatry, Department of Neurosensory Medicine, Nagasaki University School of Medicine, Nagasaki, Japan
A research survey was conducted to find out which diagnostic classification systems were commonly used in university hospitals in Japan. By using a questionnaire, we collected data to determine which diagnostic classification systems and diagnostic criteria were being used to identify schizophrenia, affective (mood) disorders, and neurosis. The results indicated that most university hospitals used either the International Classification of Diseases (ICD) of the WHO or the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) of the American Psychiatric Association. For research of academic presentations, more than 60% of the surveyed institutions used DSM. In clinical settings, however, ICD and DSM were used with similar frequencies (42–43%). It was also noted that 15% of institutions still use a traditional psychiatric diagnosis for schizophrenia and mood disorders. This paper addresses historical aspects of the diagnosis and classification of mental illness in Japan.
Division of Neuropsychiatry, Department of Neurosensory Medicine
Nagasaki University School of Medicine, 1-7-1 Sakamoto
Nagasaki 852-8501 (Japan)
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Number of Print Pages : 4
Number of Figures : 0, Number of Tables : 3, Number of References : 15
Psychopathology (International Journal of Descriptive Psychopathology Phenomenology and Clinical Diagnositcs)
Founded 1897 as ‘Monatsschrift für Psychiatrie und Neurologie’
Vol. 35, No. 2-3, Year 2002 (Cover Date: March-June 2002)
Journal Editor: E. Gabriel, Vienna; C. Mundt, Heidelberg
ISSN: 0254–4962 (print), 1423–033X (Online)
For additional information: http://www.karger.com/journals/psp