Original Paper: Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Candidate Genes Colocalized to Linkage Regions in Inflammatory Bowel DiseaseMartin K.a · Radlmayr M.a · Borchers R.a · Heinzlmann M.a · Folwaczny C.b
aMedizinische Klinik und bMedizinische Poliklinik und Chirurgische Klinik der Universität, Standort Innenstadt, Ludwig-Maximilians Universität München, Deutschland
Do you have an account?
- Rent for 48h to view
- Buy Cloud Access for unlimited viewing via different devices
- Synchronizing in the ReadCube Cloud
- Printing and saving restrictions apply
Rental: USD 8.50
Cloud: USD 20.00
Article / Publication Details
Background and Aims: The genes encoding for tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and the vitamin D receptor (VDR) are colocalized to inflammatory bowel disease-associated linkage regions on chromosomes 6, 7 and 12. An association study of these gene polymorphisms with ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s disease and a stratification according to disease phenotypes was performed in order to identify gentically homogenous subgroups. Patients and Methods: 119 healthy, unrelated controls, 95 patients with Crohn’s disease and 93 patients with ulcerative colitis were genotyped for the (G to A) –308 TNF-α promoter polymorphism on chromosome 6, the codon 497 EGFR polymorphism on chromosome 7 and the TaqI polymorphism of the VDR gene on chromosome 12. After genotyping, patients were stratified according to the respective disease phenotype. Results: A disequilibrium in the distribution of the VDR genotypes was found in patients with ulcerative colitis compared to controls (p = 0.024). In fistulizing and fibrostenotic Crohn’s disease the ‘TT’ genotype was significantly reduced compared with other phenotypes (p = 0.006), whereas the ‘tt’ genotype was found more frequently (p = 0.04). The frequency of the WT allele of the EGFR gene was significantly higher in ulcerative colitis (p = 0.04) than in controls. Further significant differences, concerning the associations of the different polymorphisms and disease susceptibility or clinical phenotypes, were not observed. Conclusions: Regardless of the disease phenotype, the associations between the polymorphisms and inflammatory bowel disease investigated herein are modest, even after stratification for the disease phenotypes. Hence, these polymorphisms are unlikely to confer the reported linkage between inflammatory bowel disease and chromosomes 6, 7 and 12.
© 2002 S. Karger AG, Basel
Article / Publication Details
Copyright / Drug Dosage / DisclaimerCopyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.