Tamoxifen, a Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulator, Reduces Ischemic Damage Caused by Middle Cerebral Artery Occlusion in the Ovariectomized Female RatMehta S.H.a · Dhandapani K.M.b · De Sevilla L.M.b · Webb R.C.a · Mahesh V.B.a · Brann D.W.b
aDepartment of Physiology, and bInstitute of Molecular Medicine and Genetics, Neurobiology Program, and Department of Neurology, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, Ga., USA
Do you have an account?
- Rent for 48h to view
- Buy Cloud Access for unlimited viewing via different devices
- Synchronizing in the ReadCube Cloud
- Printing and saving restrictions apply
Rental: USD 8.50
Cloud: USD 20.00
Article / Publication Details
Previous work has demonstrated that physiological concentrations of 17β-estradiol can protect the female rat brain against middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO)-induced ischemic damage. The present study examined whether therapeutic doses of the clinically relevant selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM), tamoxifen, can similarly protect the female rat brain against ischemic stroke damage. Adult female rats were bilaterally ovariectomized and implanted subcutaneously with either a placebo or tamoxifen time-release pellet (0.1, 0.8 or 2.4 mg/kg/day). One week later, the animals underwent permanent MCAO to assess the protective ability of the different tamoxifen doses on brain infarct size. As expected, MCAO produced a large infarct (∼53%) of the affected cerebral hemisphere in placebo (control) animals. The 0.1 mg/kg/day dose of tamoxifen did not exhibit any significant protective effects, however; the 0.8 and 2.4 mg/kg/day doses of tamoxifen, which are in the therapeutic range, dramatically reduced infarct of the affected cerebral hemisphere (∼70% reduction) as compared to the controls. The reduction of infarct size was primarily due to protection of two major structures, the cerebral cortex and striatum. Laser Doppler analysis further revealed that tamoxifen had no significant effect on cerebral blood flow either before or after MCAO, suggesting that tamoxifen protection is independent of cerebral blood flow changes. Further studies showed that tamoxifen pellets implanted at the time of MCAO did not reduce infarct size, suggesting that pretreatment with tamoxifen is necessary to observe a protective effect. These studies suggest that clinically important SERMs may have an additional unrecognized beneficial effect of protection of the female brain.
© 2003 S. Karger AG, Basel
Article / Publication Details
Copyright / Drug Dosage / DisclaimerCopyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.