Stroke: Awareness of the Signs, Symptoms and Risk Factors – A Population-Based SurveyParahoo K. · Thompson K. · Cooper M. · Stringer M. · Ennis E. · McCollam P.
aCentre for Nursing Research, bSchool of Psychology, University of Ulster, Coleraine, Northern Ireland, UK
Background: This article reports the findings from a population-based survey conducted to determine baseline knowledge regarding the signs, symptoms and risk factors of stroke. Methods: Data were collected in Northern Ireland from 892 adults using a self-completed questionnaire. Results: In general, the results indicate that respondents appeared knowledgeable about the risk factors of stroke but their recognition of the warning signs was poor. In addition, approximately half of those surveyed would not contact the ambulance service in the case of a suspected stroke but instead would make initial contact with their general practitioner (41.5%) or family/relatives (2.3%). Conclusions: Given the importance of early hospital presentation for effective stroke rehabilitation, these findings are of particular concern in a community where the death rate from stroke is one of the highest in Europe. Future health education campaigns should provide accurate and appropriate information regarding the warning signs of stroke and highlight the importance of early hospital presentation.
Prof. Kader Parahoo
Centre for Nursing Research, University of Ulster
Coleraine BT52 1SA, Northern Ireland (UK)
Tel. +44 28 7032 4094, Fax +44 28 7032 4951, E-Mail K.Parahoo@ulster.ac.uk
Received: May 10, 2002
Accepted: October 9, 2002
Number of Print Pages : 7
Number of Figures : 0, Number of Tables : 5, Number of References : 22
Cerebrovascular Diseases (Official Journal of the European Stroke Council)
Vol. 16, No. 2, Year 2003 (Cover Date: Released June 2003)
Journal Editor: J. Bogousslavsky, Lausanne; M.G. Hennerici, Mannheim
ISSN: 1015–9770 (print), 1421–9786 (Online)
For additional information: http://www.karger.com/journals/ced