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Table of Contents
Vol. 23, No. 1-2, 2004
Issue release date: January – April
Section title: Original Paper
Neuroepidemiology 2004;23:67–72
(DOI:10.1159/000073977)

Validity and Reliability of the ‘Ten Questions’ Questionnaire for Detecting Moderate to Severe Neurological Impairment in Children Aged 6–9 Years in Rural Kenya

Mung’ala-Odera V.a · Meehan R.a · Njuguna P.a · Mturi N.a · Alcock K.b · Carter J.A.a,c · Newton C.R.J.C.a,c
aCenter for Geographic Medicine-Coast, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Kilifi, Kenya; bDepartment of Psychology, City University, and cNeurosciences Unit, Institute of Child Health, University College, London, UK

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Published online: January 23, 2004
Issue release date: January – April

Number of Print Pages: 6
Number of Figures: 1
Number of Tables: 4

ISSN: 0251-5350 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0208 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/NED

Abstract

Background: The ‘Ten Questions’ Questionnaire (TQQ) is used to detect severe neurological impairment in children living in resource-poor countries. Its usefulness has been established in Asia and the Caribbean, but there are a few published studies from Africa. We evaluated the TQQ as part of a larger study of neurological impairment in a rural community, on the coast of Kenya. Methods: The study was conducted in two phases from June 2001 to May 2002; in phase one, a community household screening of 10,218 children aged 6–9 years using the TQQ was performed. Phase two involved a comprehensive clinical and psychological assessment of all children testing positive on the TQQ (n = 810) and an equivalent number of those testing negative (n = 766). Data were interpreted using the impairment-specific approach. Results: Overall, the sensitivity rates for screening the different impairments were: cognitive (70.0%), motor (71.4%), epilepsy (100%), hearing (87.4%) and visual (77.8%). All the specificity rates were greater than 96%. However, the positive predictive values were low, and ranged from 11 to 33%. Conclusions: These results are similar to those from other continents and provide evidence that the TQQ can be used to compare the epidemiology of moderate/severe impairment in different parts of the world. Furthermore, the TQQ can be used to screen for moderately/severely impaired children in resource-poor countries; however, the low positive predictive values mean that other assessments are required for confirmation.

© 2004 S. Karger AG, Basel


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Published online: January 23, 2004
Issue release date: January – April

Number of Print Pages: 6
Number of Figures: 1
Number of Tables: 4

ISSN: 0251-5350 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0208 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/NED


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