Corneal Endothelial Cytotoxicity of Riboflavin/UVA Treatment in vitroWollensak G.a · Spörl E.a · Reber F.b · Pillunat L.a · Funk R.b
Departments of aOphthalmology and bAnatomy, Technical University of Dresden, Dresden, Germany
Do you have an account?
- Rent for 48h to view
- Buy Cloud Access for unlimited viewing via different devices
- Synchronizing in the ReadCube Cloud
- Printing and saving restrictions apply
Rental: USD 8.50
Cloud: USD 20.00
Article / Publication Details
Recently, we have developed collagen crosslinking induced by combined riboflavin/UVA treatment, thus increasing the biomechanical rigidity of the cornea to treat progressive keratoconus. The present safety study was performed to evaluate possible cytotoxic effects of combined riboflavin/UVA treatment on the corneal endothelium in vitro. Endothelial cell cultures from porcine corneas were treated with 500 µM riboflavin solution, exposed to various endothelial UVA irradiances (370 nm) ranging from 0.1 to 1.6 mW/cm2 for 30 min and evaluated 24 h later using trypan blue staining and Yopro fluorescence staining. The effect of either treatment alone (UVA irradiation ranging from 0.2 to 6 mW/cm2) was also tested. An abrupt cytotoxic threshold irradiance level was found at 0.35 mW/cm2 after combined treatment with riboflavin plus UVA irradiation and at 4 mW/cm2 with UVA irradiation alone. Riboflavin alone was not toxic. A cytotoxic effect of the combined riboflavin/UVA treatment on corneal endothelial cells is to be expected with a corneal thickness of less than 400 µm. Therefore, pachymetry should be routinely performed before riboflavin/UVA treatment to exclude patients at risk.
© 2003 S. Karger AG, Basel
Article / Publication Details
Copyright / Drug Dosage / DisclaimerCopyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.