Inflammation and Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome Pathogenesis: A Working HypothesisHatipoğlu U. · Rubinstein I.
Section of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Illinois at Chicago and VA Chicago Health Care System, Chicago, Ill., USA
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) afflicts about 5% of adults in Western countries and is thought to play an important role in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disorders and diabetes mellitus. Although the etiology of OSAS is uncertain, intense local and systemic inflammation are present in these patients. In the upper airway, this process may promote oropharyngeal inspiratory muscle dysfunction and amplify upper airway narrowing and collapsibility thereby worsening the frequency and duration of apneas during sleep. The presence of systemic inflammation, characterized by elevated levels of certain potent pro-inflammatory mediators, such as C-reactive protein, leptin, TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, reactive oxygen species and adhesion molecules, may predispose to the development of cardiovascular complications observed in patients with OSAS. Treatment with nasal CPAP abrogates, in part, local and systemic inflammation in these patients. Whether therapeutic interventions aimed at abating inflammation could be a useful adjunct in the treatment of OSAS merits further investigation.
© 2003 S. Karger AG, Basel
Received: June 25, 2003
Accepted: September 7, 2003
Number of Print Pages : 7
Number of Figures : 1, Number of Tables : 0, Number of References : 48
Respiration (International Review of Thoracic Diseases)
Founded 1944 as ‘Schweizerische Zeitschrift für Tuberkulose und Pneumonologie’ by E. Bachmann, M. Gilbert, F. Häberlin, W. Löffler, P. Steiner and E. Uehlinger, continued 1962–1967 as ‘Medicina Thoracalis’ as of 1968 as ‘Respiration’, H. Herzog (1962–1997)
Official Journal of the European Association for Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology
Vol. 70, No. 6, Year 2003 (Cover Date: November-December 2003)
Journal Editor: C.T. Bolliger, Cape Town
ISSN: 0025–7931 (print), 1423–0356 (Online)
For additional information: http://www.karger.com/journals/res