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Vol. 75, No. 2, 2004
Issue release date: March–April 2004 (March 2004)
Section title: Reviewed Article
Folia Primatol 2004;75:70–84
(DOI:10.1159/000076265)

Microhabitat Preference and Vertical Use of Space by Patas Monkeys (Erythrocebus patas) in Relation to Predation Risk and Habitat Structure

Enstam K.L. · Isbell L.A.
Department of Anthropology, University of California at Davis, Davis, Calif., USA

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Reviewed Article

Received: 3/10/2003
Accepted: 7/15/2003
Published online: 3/12/2004
Issue release date: March–April 2004 (March 2004)

Number of Print Pages: 15
Number of Figures: 6
Number of Tables: 1

ISSN: 0015-5713 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9980 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/FPR

Abstract

Habitat structure can be important in determining habitat preference of animals because it is often closely linked to factors that affect survival and reproduction, such as food availability and predation risk. Here we examine the ways in which microhabitat structure and predation risk affect the habitat preference of wild patas monkeys (Erythrocebus patas). Patas monkeys in Kenya are typically restricted to Acacia drepanolobium habitat, but within our study group’s home range, there are two distinct microhabitats, one with taller trees (‘tall microhabitat’) and one with apparently perennially shorter trees (‘short microhabitat’). Examination of ranging behavior indicates that the patas monkeys preferred the tall microhabitat. In the tall microhabitat, focal animals climbed into trees that were significantly taller than average, indicating that they preferred tall trees. Female patas monkeys spent more time scanning from tall trees than from short trees and detected predators only from taller than average trees, based on alarm call data. Their use of tall trees may have decreased their predation risk by increasing their ability to detect predators. We found no evidence of increased food availability or reduced predator presence in the tall microhabitat that could contribute to the monkeys’ preference for the tall microhabitat.


  

Author Contacts

Karin L. Enstam, Department of Anthropology/Linguistics, Sonoma State University

  

Article Information

Received: March 10, 2003
Accepted after revision: July 15, 2003
Number of Print Pages : 15
Number of Figures : 6, Number of Tables : 1, Number of References : 46

  

Publication Details

Folia Primatologica (International Journal of Primatology)
Founded in 1963 by J. Biegert, H. Hofer, A.H. Schultz and D. Starck; Continued 1975 by J. Biegert (1975–1986), R.D. Martin (1987–1994)
Official Journal of the European Federation for Primatology

Vol. 75, No. 2, Year 2004 (Cover Date: March-April 2004 (Released March 2004))

Journal Editor: R.H. Crompton, Liverpool
ISSN: 0015–5713 (print), 1421–9980 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/journals/fpr


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Reviewed Article

Received: 3/10/2003
Accepted: 7/15/2003
Published online: 3/12/2004
Issue release date: March–April 2004 (March 2004)

Number of Print Pages: 15
Number of Figures: 6
Number of Tables: 1

ISSN: 0015-5713 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9980 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/FPR


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