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Table of Contents
Vol. 69, Suppl. 1, 2004
Issue release date: March 2004
Section title: Paper
Digestion 2004;69(suppl 1):3–8
(DOI:10.1159/000076370)

Managing Gastro-Oesophageal Reflux Disease in Children

Cezard J.P.
Department of Paediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Robert Debré Hospital, Paris, France

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Paper

Published online: March 10, 2004
Issue release date: March 2004

Number of Print Pages: 6
Number of Figures: 3
Number of Tables: 0

ISSN: 0012-2823 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9867 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/DIG

Abstract

Gastro-oesophageal reflux (GOR) and gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) have a higher prevalence among infants than among children or adults. This is linked to the immaturity of the oesophagus and stomach and the higher liquid intake of infants. Genetic factors could also be contributory in some families. Clinical symptoms in infants are mainly regurgitation and vomiting, which usually disappear between 1 and 3 years of age. Symptoms in children are similar to those in adults. Treatment in children depends on age and GORD severity. With GOR or mild GORD, particularly in infants, explanation and reassurance together with thickening of formula feed and lifestyle changes are usually effective. Prokinetics either have unproven efficacy (metoclopramide, domperidone) or have been withdrawn (cisapride). Chronic antacid therapy is not recommended. In moderate to severe GORD, histamine-2-receptor antagonists and particularly proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are effective, especially when oesophagitis is present. PPIs, in particular omeprazole and lansoprazole, have proven efficacy in infants and children. They are well tolerated, with pharmacokinetics similar to those in adults. However, dosages should be adapted in neonates and children under 10 years old. Fundoplication should be avoided before 2 to 3 years of age if possible.

© 2004 S. Karger AG, Basel


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Paper

Published online: March 10, 2004
Issue release date: March 2004

Number of Print Pages: 6
Number of Figures: 3
Number of Tables: 0

ISSN: 0012-2823 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9867 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/DIG


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Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.