Life Events and Psychopathology in a Group of Suicide AttemptersOsvath P. · Vörös V. · Fekete S.
Department of Psychiatry, University of Pécs Medical School, Pécs, Hungary
Researchers examined the incidence of negative life events and associated these events with psychological scales (depression, hopelessness, self-esteem and state-trait anger) in a group of suicide attempters (n = 101) within the framework of the WHO/EURO Multicenter Study on Suicidal Behavior. Certain negative life events (especially relationship problems and physical/mental abuse in childhood) turned out to be the main indicators of severe mental problems in the family of the attempters (e.g. addiction, self-destructive behavior or psychiatric hospitalization). Significant positive correlations were found between the number of events and some psychopathological symptoms like depression, hopelessness, anger and lack of self-esteem. The role of stressful life events in suicidal behavior is emphasized. Particularly traumatic events (e.g. abuse in childhood) may be involved in the development of psychological and/or biological vulnerability (stress-diathesis model) and cognitive dysfunction. Therefore, in the psychotherapy of suicide attempters, it is essential to explore and discuss negative life events.
© 2004 S. Karger AG, Basel
Dr. Peter Osvath
Department of Psychiatry
University of Pécs Medical School, Rét u.2
HU–7623 Pécs (Hungary)
Tel. +36 72 535 900, Fax +36 72 535 951, E-Mail email@example.com
Received: April 22, 2003
Accepted: December 2, 2003
Published online: February 24, 2004
Number of Print Pages : 5
Number of Figures : 0, Number of Tables : 3, Number of References : 18
Psychopathology (International Journal of Descriptive and Experimental Psychopathology, Phenomenology and Psychiatric Diagnosis)
Founded 1897 as ‘Monatsschrift für Psychiatrie und Neurologie’
Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA), Section of Clinical Psychopathology and Section of Classification and Diagnostic Assessment
Vol. 37, No. 1, Year 2004 (Cover Date: January-February 2004)
Journal Editor: C. Mundt, Heidelberg; E. Gabriel, Vienna; J.E. Mezzich, New York, N.Y.
ISSN: 0254–4962 (print), 1423–033X (Online)
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