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Male mouse meiotic chromosome cores deficient in structural proteins SYCP3 and SYCP2 align by homology but fail to synapse and have possible impaired specificity of chromatin loop attachmentKolas N.K.a · Yuan L.b · Hoog C.b · Heng H.H.Q.c · Marcon E.d · Moens P.B.d
aDepartment of Molecular Genetics, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY (USA); bDepartment of Cell and Molecular Biology, The Medical Nobel Institute, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm (Sweden); cCenter for Molecular Medicine and Genetics, Department of Pathology, Karmanos Cancer Institute, WayneStateUniversitySchoolofMedicine, Detroit,MI(USA); dDepartment of Biology, York University, Toronto, Ontario (Canada)
The targeted deletion of the meiotic chromosome core component MmSYCP3 results in chromosome synaptic failure at male meiotic prophase, extended meiotic chromosomes, male sterility, oocyte aneuploidy and absence of the MmSYCP2 chromosome core component. To test the functions of SYCP2 and SYCP3 proteins in the cores, we determined the effect of their deletion on homology recognition by whole chromosome painting and the effect on chromatin loop attachment to the cores with endogenous and exogenous sequences. Because we observed that the alignment of cores is between homologs, it suggested that alignment is not a function of the chromosome core components but might be mediated by chromatin-chromatin interactions. The alignment function therefore appears to be separate from intimate synapsis function of homologous cores that is observed to be defective in the SYCP3–/– males. To examine the functions of the SYCP2 and 3 core proteins in chromatin loop attachment, we measured the loop sizes of the centromeric major satellite chromatin and the organization of an exogenous transgene in SYCP3+/+ and SYCP3–/– males. We observed that these satellite chromatin loops have a normal appearance in SYCP3–/– males, but the loop regulation of a 2-Mb exogenous λ phage insert appears to be altered. Normally the insert fails to attach to the core except by flanking endogenous sequences, but in the absence of SYCP2 and SYCP3, there appears to be multiple attachments to the core. This suggests that the selective preference for the attachment of mouse sequences to the chromosome core in the wild-type male is impaired in the SYCP3–/– male. Apparently the SYCP2 and SYCP3 proteins function in the specificity of chromatin attachment to the chromosome core.
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