Outpatient Alcohol Detoxification: Implementation Efficacy and Outcome Effectiveness of a Model ProjectSoyka M. · Horak M.
Psychiatric Hospital, University Munich, Munich, Germany
Background: The aim of the study was to examine the practicability and implementation efficacy of an alcohol outpatient detoxification model and the concomitant ‘motivational’ psychotherapeutic approach. Method: This was an open prospective study to examine the implementation efficacy, practicability and medical safety of a novel psychotherapy-based, integrated outpatient detoxification model in alcohol-dependent patients. Patients were carefully screened for relevant neuropsychiatric disorders and other exclusion criteria and then seen on a daily outpatient basis for 5–7 days. Patients received psychotropic or other medication, if necessary (CIWA-A score >16). Beside management of withdrawal symptoms, psychotherapeutic interventions were conducted to motivate the patient for further alcohol therapy. Results: Of 557 patients screened 331 entered the program. For medical reasons 226 patients had to be admitted for inpatient detoxification, 122 patients in a special alcohol unit, 101 patients in a general hospital. 198 (60%) of the outpatients received psychotropic medication during treatment. 312 (94%) of these patients successfully completed treatment. 301 (91% of the initial sample) patients entered a consecutive 3-month motivational phase of a two-phase alcohol treatment program. 139 (46%) patients successfully completed the 1-year consecutive outpatient treatment. Conclusions: Outpatient detoxification, at least in a highly structured frame, can be considered as a safe and efficient therapeutic approach. The data of this study also indicate that psychotherapeutic interventions and motivation for further abstinence and treatment may work in alcohol-dependent patients on an outpatient basis. Further controlled trials are necessary to compare the effects of outpatient versus inpatient withdrawal.
Michael Soyka, MD
Psychiatric Hospital University Munich
Nussbaumstrasse 7, DE–80336 Munich (Germany)
Tel. +49 89 5160 2777, Fax +49 89 5160 5617
Number of Print Pages : 8
Number of Figures : 5, Number of Tables : 1, Number of References : 46
European Addiction Research
Vol. 10, No. 4, Year 2004 (Cover Date: 2004)
Journal Editor: M. Krausz, Hamburg; A. Uchtenhagen, Zürich; C. Haasen, Hamburg
ISSN: 1022–6877 (print), 1421–9891 (Online)
For additional information: http://www.karger.com/ear