Journal Mobile Options
Table of Contents
Vol. 62, Suppl. 1, 2004
Issue release date: February 2005
Section title: Safety
Horm Res 2004;62(suppl 1):93–100
(DOI:10.1159/000080766)

Recombinant Human Insulin-Like Growth Factor I (IGF-I): Risks and Benefits of Normalizing Blood IGF-I Concentrations

Clark R.G.
Tercica, Inc., San Francisco, Calif., USA

Do you have an account?

Register and profit from personalized services (MyKarger) Login Information

Please create your User ID & Password





Contact Information









I have read the Karger Terms and Conditions and agree.

Register and profit from personalized services (MyKarger) Login Information

Please create your User ID & Password





Contact Information









I have read the Karger Terms and Conditions and agree.

To view the fulltext, please log in

To view the pdf, please log in

Buy

  • FullText & PDF
  • Unlimited re-access via MyKarger (new!)
  • Unrestricted printing, no saving restrictions for personal use
  • Reduced rates with a PPV account
read more

Direct: USD 38.00
Account: USD 26.50

Select

Rent/Cloud

  • Rent for 48h to view
  • Buy Cloud Access for unlimited viewing via different devices
  • Synchronizing in the ReadCube Cloud
  • Printing and saving restrictions apply

Rental: USD 8.50
Cloud: USD 20.00

Select

Subscribe

  • Automatic perpetual access to all articles of the subscribed year(s)
  • Unlimited re-access via Subscriber Login or MyKarger
  • Unrestricted printing, no saving restrictions for personal use
read more

Subcription rates


Select


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Safety

Published online: 3/10/2005

Number of Print Pages: 8
Number of Figures: 2
Number of Tables: 0

ISSN: 1663-2818 (Print)
eISSN: 1663-2826 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/HRP

Abstract

Recombinant human (rh) insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) is being developed as a therapy for short stature caused by IGF deficiency (IGFD) and also for diabetes mellitus. To complement the human efficacy and safety data, a large amount of information is available regarding the pharmacology and toxicology of rhIGF-I in animals. This review summarizes the risks and benefits of normalizing blood IGF-I concentrations in IGFD, especially with regard to carcinogenicity, and compares and contrasts safety data for rhIGF-I, recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH), and insulin. A major difference between rhIGF-I and rhGH is that rhIGF-I (like insulin) has hypoglycaemic activity, whereas rhGH opposes insulin action and is diabetogenic. In most of their actions, GH and IGF-I are similar. IGF-I mediates most of the actions of GH, so the safety of rhGH and that of rhIGF-I also share many common features. In animals, the transgenic expression of hGH has been shown to act directly, by activating the prolactin receptor, to increase the incidence of mammary and prostate tumours. In comparison, the over-expression of IGF-I in animals or the administration of rhIGF-I does not have a carcinogenic effect. In formal toxicology and carcinogenicity studies, rhIGF-I has similar effects to insulin in that it can increase food intake, body size, and the growth rate of existing tumours. In animals and humans, IGFD has many long-term detrimental effects besides short stature: it increases the risk of diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and low bone mineral density. Therefore, a case can be made for replacement therapy with rhIGF-I to normalize blood IGF-I levels and reverse the detrimental effects of IGFD.


  

Author Contacts

Dr. R.G. Clark
Tercica, Inc.
651 Gateway Boulevard, Suite 950
South San Francisco, CA 94080-7111 (USA)
Tel. +1 650 624 4900, E-Mail ross.clark@tercica.com

  

Article Information

Number of Print Pages : 8
Number of Figures : 2, Number of Tables : 0, Number of References : 57

  

Publication Details

Hormone Research (From Development Endocrinology to Clinical Research)

Vol. 62, No. Suppl. 1, Year 2004 (Cover Date: Released February 2005)

Journal Editor: P. Czernichow, Paris
ISSN: 0301–0163 (print), 1423–0046 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/hre


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Safety

Published online: 3/10/2005

Number of Print Pages: 8
Number of Figures: 2
Number of Tables: 0

ISSN: 1663-2818 (Print)
eISSN: 1663-2826 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/HRP


Copyright / Drug Dosage

Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in goverment regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.