Investigation of marmoset hybrids (Cebuella pygmaea × Callithrix jacchus) and related Callitrichinae (Platyrrhini) by cross-species chromosome painting and comparative genomic hybridizationNeusser M. · Münch M. · Anzenberger G. · Müller S.
aInstitute for Anthropology and Human Genetics, Department Biology II, Ludwig Maximilian University, Munich (Germany); bInstitute and Museum of Anthropology, University of Zurich, Zurich (Switzerland)
We report on the cytogenetics of twin offspring from an interspecies cross in marmosets (Callitrichinae, Platyrrhini), resulting from a pairing between a female Common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus, 2n = 46) and a male Pygmy marmoset (Cebuella pygmaea, 2n = 44). We analyzed their karyotypes by multi-directional chromosome painting employing human, Saguinus oedipus and Lagothrix lagothricha chromosome-specific probes. Both hybrid individuals had a karyotype with a diploid chromosome number of 2n = 45. As a complementary tool, interspecies comparative genomic hybridization (iCGH) was performed in order to screen for genomic imbalances between the hybrids and their parental species, and between Callithrix argentata and S. oedipus, respectively. These genomic imbalances were confined to centromeric and telomeric heterochromatin, while euchromatic chromosome regions appeared balanced in all species investigated. When comparing marmosets and tamarins, sequence divergence of centromeric heterochromatin was already clearly noticeable. In the C. argentata and C. pygmaea genomes numerous subtelomeric regions were affected by amplification of different repetitive sequences. Cross-species FISH with a microdissection-derived C. pygmaea repetitive probe revealed species specificity of this repetitive sequence at the molecular cytogenetic level of resolution.
Request reprints from: Stefan Müller
Institute for Anthropology and Human Genetics
Department Biology II, Ludwig Maximilian University
Richard-Wagner-Strasse 10, D–80333 Munich (Germany)
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Received 27 October 2003;
revision accepted 18 December 2003.
Number of Print Pages : 6
Number of Figures : 1, Number of Tables : 1, Number of References : 27
Cytogenetic and Genome Research
Vol. 108, No. 1-3, Year 2005 (Cover Date: 2005)
Journal Editor: H.P. Klinger, Bronx, N.Y.; M. Schmid, Würzburg
ISSN: 1424–8581 (print), 1424–859X (Online)
For additional information: http://www.karger.com/cgr