Login to MyKarger

New to MyKarger? Click here to sign up.

Login with Facebook

Forgot Password? Reset your password

Authors, Editors, Reviewers

For Manuscript Submission, Check or Review Login please go to Submission Websites List.

Submission Websites List

Institutional Login (Shibboleth)

For the academic login, please select your country in the dropdown list. You will be redirected to verify your credentials.

Journal Mobile Options
Table of Contents
Vol. 178, No. 1, 2004
Issue release date: November 2004
Section title: Original Paper
Cells Tissues Organs 2004;178:13–22
(DOI:10.1159/000081089)

Cellular Reactions of Osteoblasts to Micron- and Submicron-Scale Porous Structures of Titanium Surfaces

Zhu X.a,b · Chen J.a · Scheideler L.a · Altebaeumer T.b · Geis-Gerstorfer J.a · Kern D.b
aSection of Medical Materials and Technology, Department of Prosthodontics and Medical Materials, and bInstitute of Applied Physics, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany

Do you have an account?

Login Information





Contact Information










I have read the Karger Terms and Conditions and agree.



Login Information





Contact Information










I have read the Karger Terms and Conditions and agree.



To view the fulltext, please log in

To view the pdf, please log in

Buy

  • FullText & PDF
  • Unlimited re-access via MyKarger
  • Unrestricted printing, no saving restrictions for personal use
read more

CHF 38.00 *
EUR 35.00 *
USD 39.00 *

Select

KAB

Buy a Karger Article Bundle (KAB) and profit from a discount!

If you would like to redeem your KAB credit, please log in.


Save over 20% compared to the individual article price.
Learn more

Rent/Cloud

  • Rent for 48h to view
  • Buy Cloud Access for unlimited viewing via different devices
  • Synchronizing in the ReadCube Cloud
  • Printing and saving restrictions apply

Rental: USD 8.50
Cloud: USD 20.00


Select

Subscribe

  • Access to all articles of the subscribed year(s) guaranteed for 5 years
  • Unlimited re-access via Subscriber Login or MyKarger
  • Unrestricted printing, no saving restrictions for personal use
read more

Subcription rates


Select

* The final prices may differ from the prices shown due to specifics of VAT rules.

Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Received: July 29, 2004
Published online: November 18, 2004
Issue release date: November 2004

Number of Print Pages: 10
Number of Figures: 6
Number of Tables: 0

ISSN: 1422-6405 (Print)
eISSN: 1422-6421 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/CTO

Abstract

Osteoblast reactions to topographic structures of titanium play a key role in host tissue responses and the final osseointegration. Since it is difficult to fabricate micro- and nano-scale structures on titanium surfaces, little is known about the mechanism whereby the topography of titanium surfaces exerts its effects on cell behavior at the cellular level. In the present study, the titanium surface was structured in micron- and submicron-scale ranges by anodic oxidation in either 0.2 M H3PO4 or 0.03 M calcium glycerophosphate with 0.15 calcium acetate. The average dimensions of pores in the structured surface were about 0.5 and 2 µm in diameter, with roughness averaging at 0.2 and 0.4 µm, respectively. Enhanced attachment of cells (SaOS-2) was shown on micron- and submicron-scale structures. Initial cell reactions to different titanium surfaces, e.g. the development of the actin-containing structures, are determined by the different morphology of the surfaces. It is demonstrated that on either micron- or submicron-structured surfaces, many well-developed filopodia were observed to be primary adhesion structures in cell-substrate interactions, and some of them entered pores using their distinct tips or points along their length for initial attachment. Therefore, porous structures at either micro- or submicrometre scale supply positive guidance cues for anchorage-dependent cells to attach, leading to enhanced cell attachment. In contrast, the cells attached to a smooth titanium surface by focal contacts around their periphery as predominant adhesion structures, since repulsive signals from the environment led to retraction of the filopodia back to the cell bodies. These cells showed well-organized stress fibres, which exert tension across the cell body, resulting in flattened cells.

© 2004 S. Karger AG, Basel


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Received: July 29, 2004
Published online: November 18, 2004
Issue release date: November 2004

Number of Print Pages: 10
Number of Figures: 6
Number of Tables: 0

ISSN: 1422-6405 (Print)
eISSN: 1422-6421 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/CTO


Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer

Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.