Cover

Diet Diversification and Health Promotion

European Academy of Nutritional Sciences (EANS) Conference, Vienna, May 2004

Editor(s): Elmadfa I. (Vienna) 
Table of Contents
Vol. 57, No. , 2005
Section title: Paper
Diet Diversification and Health Promotion. Forum Nutr. Basel, Karger, 2005, vol 57, pp 44-51
(DOI:10.1159/000083753)

Age and Gender Dependent Profile of Food Choice

Westenhoefer J.
Hamburg University of Applied Sciences, Department of Nutrition and Home Economics, Hamburg, Germany

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Paper

Published online: 2/1/2005
Cover Date:

Number of Print Pages: 8
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 0

ISBN: 978-3-8055-7872-1 (Print)
eISBN: 978-3-318-01183-8 (Online)

Abstract

Several studies have described remarkable differences in food choice between men and women. Consistently, women are reported to have higher intakes of fruit and vegetables, higher intakes of dietary fiber and lower intakes of fat. In accordance with such more healthy food choice, women usually attach greater importance to healthy eating. In addition, the motivation of weight control is more prominent in women and they are more likely to diet or restrain their eating behavior. Recently, studies found that health beliefs and weight control motivation may explain up to 50 percent of gender differences in food choice. In addition, less healthy food choice profiles of men may be related to their poorer nutritional knowledge. However, health beliefs, eating attitudes and dieting appear to be phenomena which vary throughout the life span. In growing older, changes in the chemosensory perceptual systems play an important role in food choice. The decline of gustatory and - perhaps even more pronounced - in olfactory function may lead to a decrease of the pleasantness of food, thus limiting the reinforcing properties of food intake which eventually results in a decrease of appetite, often reported in elderly people. In addition, there are some indications that sensory-specific satiety diminishes with age. Sensory-specific satiety is the reduction in the pleasantness of food as it is consumed. This decrease of pleasantness usually motivates the choice of other foods and therefore, a varied diet. Therefore, the decrease of sensory-specific satiety may in part explain the limited variety of the diet sometimes seen in elderly people. However, lifestyle, socio-economic situation and other variables may limit the influence of such physiological changes and help to maintain an adequate food intake despite these age-related processes.


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Paper

Published online: 2/1/2005
Cover Date:

Number of Print Pages: 8
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 0

ISBN: 978-3-8055-7872-1 (Print)
eISBN: 978-3-318-01183-8 (Online)


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Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in goverment regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
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