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Vol. 52, No. 1, 2005
Issue release date: June 2005
Section title: Original Paper
Neuropsychobiology 2005;52:37–44
(DOI:10.1159/000086176)

Anhedonia and Substance-Related Symptoms in Detoxified Substance-Dependent Subjects: A Correlation Study

Janiri L.a · Martinotti G.a · Dario T.a · Reina D.a · Paparello F.a · Pozzi G.a · Addolorato G.b · Di Giannantonio M.a · De Risio S.a
aInstitute of Psychiatry and Psychology, Treatment Unit for Alcoholism and Multiple Drug Abuse, and bInstitute of Internal Medicine, Catholic University, Rome, Italy

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Published online: 6/27/2005
Issue release date: June 2005

Number of Print Pages: 8
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 4

ISSN: 0302-282X (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0224 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/NPS

Abstract

Anhedonia is a condition in which the capacity of experiencing pleasure is totally or partially lost, frequently occurring in mood disorders, as a negative symptom in schizophrenia, and in substance use disorders. In order to test a set of instruments for anhedonia in a population of detoxified opiate, alcohol and multiple substance-dependent subjects, 70 individuals were recruited from three different clinical settings. The following scales were applied: Snaith-Hamilton Pleasure Scale (SHAPS), Bech-Rafaelsen Melancholia Scale (BRMS), Scale for the Assessment of Negative Symptoms (SANS), specific withdrawal scales, and visual analogue scales (VAS) for hedonic capability and substance craving. The scales measuring anhedonia either directly (SHAPS, VAS for hedonic capability) or in some key items (SANS, BRMS) were significantly correlated with each other. The period of time since detoxification was inversely correlated with anhedonia and withdrawal symptomatology. Craving was positively correlated with anhedonia. Out of the total sample, only 18.5% could be defined as psychometrically anhedonic. The same correlations were found in this subsample. The composite instrument employed for assessing anhedonia and hedonic capability was found to be sensitive enough to detect such a dimension in the population considered, with the single scales significantly interrelated. In conclusion, we found interrelations between hedonic capability, craving and protracted withdrawal, particularly in opiate-dependent subjects. The strongest association occurred between hedonic capability and craving.

© 2005 S. Karger AG, Basel


  

Author Contacts

Dr. Luigi Janiri
Servizio Day Hospital di Psichiatria Clinica e Tossicodipendenze, Policlinico A. Gemelli
Largo A. Gemelli 8, IT–00168 Roma (Italy)
Tel. +39 06 30154273/4573/4332, Mobile +39 335 462669
Fax +39 06 3012253, E-Mail janiri.lou@flashnet.it

  

Article Information

Published online: June 3, 2005
Number of Print Pages : 8
Number of Figures : 0, Number of Tables : 4, Number of References : 56

  

Publication Details

Neuropsychobiology (International Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research in Biological Psychiatry, Pharmacopsychiatry, Biological Psychology/Pharmacopsychology and Pharmacoelectroencephalography)

Vol. 52, No. 1, Year 2005 (Cover Date: Released June 2005)

Journal Editor: Strik, W. (Bern)
ISSN: 0302–282X (print), 1423–0224 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/nps


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Published online: 6/27/2005
Issue release date: June 2005

Number of Print Pages: 8
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 4

ISSN: 0302-282X (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0224 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/NPS


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Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in goverment regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
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