Journal Mobile Options
Table of Contents
Vol. 25, No. 2, 2005
Issue release date: July 2005
Section title: Original Paper
Neuroepidemiology 2005;25:62–68
(DOI:10.1159/000086285)

Epidemiological Survey of Epilepsy in the Primary School Population in Buenos Aires

Somoza M.J. · Forlenza R.H. · Brussino M. · Licciardi L.
Board of Health, Buenos Aires City Authority, Buenos Aires, Argentina

Do you have an account?

Register and profit from personalized services (MyKarger) Login Information

Please create your User ID & Password





Contact Information









I have read the Karger Terms and Conditions and agree.

Register and profit from personalized services (MyKarger) Login Information

Please create your User ID & Password





Contact Information









I have read the Karger Terms and Conditions and agree.

To view the fulltext, please log in

To view the pdf, please log in

Buy

  • FullText & PDF
  • Unlimited re-access via MyKarger (new!)
  • Unrestricted printing, no saving restrictions for personal use
  • Reduced rates with a PPV account
read more

Direct: USD 38.00
Account: USD 26.50

Select

Rent/Cloud

  • Rent for 48h to view
  • Buy Cloud Access for unlimited viewing via different devices
  • Synchronizing in the ReadCube Cloud
  • Printing and saving restrictions apply

Rental: USD 8.50
Cloud: USD 20.00

Select

Subscribe

  • Automatic perpetual access to all articles of the subscribed year(s)
  • Unlimited re-access via Subscriber Login or MyKarger
  • Unrestricted printing, no saving restrictions for personal use
read more

Subcription rates


Select


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Published online: 7/15/2005

Number of Print Pages: 7
Number of Figures: 1
Number of Tables: 3

ISSN: 0251-5350 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0208 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/NED

Abstract

Background: Most studies carried out in Latin America have shown greater rates of epilepsy and generalized seizures than those observed in developed countries, in spite of lower numbers of patients receiving treatment. To date, studies in Argentina have been insufficient to establish true prevalence. Objective: To determine the prevalence of epilepsy in primary school children in Buenos Aires, together with rates of different seizure types, treatments prescribed, diagnoses made and number of inadequate therapies administered, as well as the relationship between epilepsy and learning difficulties. Design and Method: A cross-sectional study was carried out on 10% of the entire primary school population of Buenos Aires through randomized, systematic, representative and conglomerate sampling of public and private school students. A total of 26,270 responses were received (83.1% of the population) to a specially designed questionnaire, with 96.4% sensitivity and 41.5% specificity, respectively. Interviews were conducted in all probable epilepsy cases as well as in a random sample of probable negative ones. Results: Eighty-four children with epilepsy were detected (lifetime prevalence 3.2‰; active prevalence 2.6‰), in whom generalized seizures predominated (57.1%). Ninety-three percent of cases diagnosed were currently under, or had previously received antiepileptic drug (AED) therapy. Almost 1% of the primary school population studied had a prior diagnosis and/or received AED for dysrhythmia or epilepsy. The percentage of grade repeaters in the general population and in children with epilepsy was 8.4 and 26.2%, respectively. Conclusions: (1) The prevalence of epilepsy in primary school children in Buenos Aires is similar to that reported for developed countries; (2) a slight prevalence for generalized seizures was observed; (3) 93% of cases received AEDs; (4) misdiagnoses and unnecessary treatments exceeded correct diagnoses and adequate therapy, and (5) disease presence and/or treatment were associated with poorer school performance.


  

Author Contacts

Dr. Manuel J. Somoza
Av. del Libertador 2254 6D
(C1425AAI) Ciudad de Buenos Aires (Argentina)
Tel./Fax +54 11 4802 9098
E-Mail postmast@drsomo.sld.ar

  

Article Information

Published online: June 8, 2005
Number of Print Pages : 7
Number of Figures : 1, Number of Tables : 3, Number of References : 31

  

Publication Details

Neuroepidemiology

Vol. 25, No. 2, Year 2005 (Cover Date: Released July 2005)

Journal Editor: Román, G.C. (San Antonio, Tex.)
ISSN: 0251–5350 (print), 1423–0208 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/ned


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Published online: 7/15/2005

Number of Print Pages: 7
Number of Figures: 1
Number of Tables: 3

ISSN: 0251-5350 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0208 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/NED


Copyright / Drug Dosage

Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in goverment regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.