Journal Mobile Options
Table of Contents
Vol. 75, No. 1, 2006
Issue release date: 2006
Section title: Special Article
Psychother Psychosom 2006;75:12–18
(DOI:10.1159/000089222)

A Systematic Review of Treatments for Electromagnetic Hypersensitivity

Rubin G.J. · Das Munshi J. · Wessely S.
Mobile Phones Research Unit, Division of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry and Guy’s, King’s and St Thomas’ School of Medicine, King’s College London, London, UK

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Special Article

Published online: 12/16/2005

Number of Print Pages: 7
Number of Figures: 1
Number of Tables: 3

ISSN: 0033-3190 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0348 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/PPS

Abstract

Background: Electromagnetic hypersensitivity (EHS) is a poorly understood condition in which patients report symptoms following perceived exposure to weak electromagnetic fields (EMFs) such as those produced by mobile phones or visual display units. Little is known about the aetiology of the condition although experimental data suggest that EMFs are an unlikely causal agent. In this systematic review we assessed the efficacy of any treatment for people reporting EHS. Methods: Twelve literature databases were examined to identify relevant studies. We also hand-searched conference proceedings and examined the reference sections of reviews and other papers. Only clinical trials that compared the efficacy of a potential treatment for EHS against a control condition were included in the review. Results: Nine controlled clinical trials were identified, examining the effects of cognitive behavioural therapy (4 studies), visual display unit screen filters (2 studies), ‘shielding’ EMF emitters (1 study), supplementary antioxidant therapy (1 study) and acupuncture (1 study). The quality of these studies was limited. Nevertheless, their results suggest that cognitive behavioural therapy is more effective than providing no treatment. None of the other therapies have had their efficacy adequately demonstrated. Conclusions: The evidence base concerning treatment options for EHS is limited and more research is needed before any definitive clinical recommendations can be made. However, the best evidence currently available suggests that cognitive behavioural therapy is effective for patients who report being hypersensitive to weak EMFs.


  

Author Contacts

James Rubin
Mobile Phones Research Unit, New Medical School Building
Bessemer Road
London SE5 9PJ (UK)
Tel. +44 20 7346 3798, Fax +44 20 7346 4916, E-Mail g.rubin@iop.kcl.ac.uk

  

Article Information

Number of Print Pages : 7
Number of Figures : 1, Number of Tables : 3, Number of References : 20

  

Publication Details

Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics

Vol. 75, No. 1, Year 2006 (Cover Date: 2006)

Journal Editor: Fava, G.A. (Bologna)
ISSN: 0033–3190 (print), 1423–0348 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/PPS


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Special Article

Published online: 12/16/2005

Number of Print Pages: 7
Number of Figures: 1
Number of Tables: 3

ISSN: 0033-3190 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0348 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/PPS


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